Setup WhatACart on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 with Nginx

This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install and configure WhatACart on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04.

Our previous tutorial showed you how to install WhatACart on Ubuntu with Apache2.. This one shows you how to run it with Nginx instead.

WhatACart is a simple, fast, open source eCommerce system developed using YiiChimp framework. YiiChimp framework is written on top of Yii2 and it’s great for building web apps.

WhatACart software has everything that you need to build an eCommerce website for your business to run your stores. It comes with rich sets of features that enable merchants to quickly and easily start selling their products.

On top of other great features, it also comes with modules like Top Rated, Featured Products, Payment gateway and more.

If you’re looking for platform to build an eCommerce website for personal use or a robust business online portal, WhatACart can help you create and manage your content and products efficiently on every device with its minimalist and modern user and admin interface….

For more on WhatACart , please visit its home page

When you’re ready to get WhatACart working on Ubuntu, please continue with the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Nginx HTTP Server is the most popular web server in use… so install it, since WhatACart needs it..

To install Nginx HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below…

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Nginx default test page as shown below.. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected..

http://localhost
nginx default home page test

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open source database servers to use with Magento… To install MariaDB run the commands below…

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots..

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 19.04 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon to MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on… if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

mariadb welcome

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Nginx..

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and close out.

Step 4: Restart Nginx

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations…

To restart Nginx, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Step 5: Create WhatACart Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for WhatACart to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank Magento database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called whatacart

CREATE DATABASE whatacart;

Create a database user called whatacartuser with new password

CREATE USER 'whatacartuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON whatacart.* TO 'whatacartuser'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 6: Download and Install WhatACart

To get WhatACart latest release you may want to use Github repository… Install Composer, Curl and other dependencies to get started…

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Nginx root directory and download WhatACart packages from Github…

cd /var/www/
sudo composer create-project ushainformatique/whatacart whatacart

Next, run the commands below to change the root folder permissions…

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/whatacart/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/whatacart/

Step 7: Configure Nginx WhatACart Site

Finally, configure Nginx configuration file for WhatACart. This file will control how users access WhatACart content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called whatacart

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/whatacart

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    server_name  example.com www.example.com;
    root   /var/www/whatacart;
    index  index.php;
    
    access_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.error.log;

    client_max_body_size 100M;
  
    autoindex off;

    location / {
    try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;
      }

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         include fastcgi_params;
         fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    }
}

Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

Step 8: Enable the WhatACart Site and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below, then restart Nginx server…

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/whatacart /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Next, open your browser and go to the URL.. and continue with the installation….

http://example.com

You should see WhatACart installation page… Follow the installation wizard to complete the setup

On the setup screen, make sure all requirements are met… then continue.

Next, type in your store information…

WhatACart Ubuntu Setup

Switch to the Database tab and enter the database info created above..

WhatACart Ubuntu Setup

After a brief moment, your store should be created and ready to use..

WhatACart Ubuntu Setup

That’s it!

Conclusion:

This post shows you how to install WhatACart on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 and begin selling your products online.. If you find any errors, please mention in the comment section below:

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