Few days ago we showed students and new users how to install or upgrade Moodle Learn Management platform on Ubuntu from Github with Apache2 support… Well, this post shows you how to do it with Nginx HTTP server instead….
For students and new users looking for help installing or uprading to the latest version of Moodle ( 3.5.2 ) from Github with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2 support, the steps below should be a great place to start…
When you to install Moodle packages from Github, you can easily upgrade from the commmand line or the web installer, which is much simpler…
Since Moodle doesn’t yet have a built-in upgrade tool from its portal, you must manually upgrade its core files when new versions are available…. and doing that using its starndard method can be challenging for some users…
This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install / upgrade Moodle from Github repository with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2 support on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 LTS servers…
To get started with installing Moodle, follow the steps below:
Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu
Nginx HTTP Server is probably the second most popular web server in use… so install it since Moodle needs it..
To install Nginx HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below…
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx
After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.
To test Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Nginx default test page as shown below.. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected..
Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server
MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open source database servers to use with Magento… To install MariaDB run the commands below…
After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Nginx…
sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini
Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.
file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago
After making the change above, save the file and close out.
Step 3: Restart Nginx
After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations…
To restart Nginx, run the commands below
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service
Step 4: Create Moodle Database
Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for Moodle to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank Moodle database.
To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.
sudo mysql -u root -p
Then create a database called moodle
CREATE DATABASE moodle;
Create a database user called moodleuser with new password
CREATE USER 'moodleuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';
Then grant the user full access to the database.
GRANT ALL ON moodle.* TO 'moodleuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;
Finally, save your changes and exit.
Step 5: Download Moodle Latest Release
To get Moodle latest release you may want to use Github repository… Install Curl and other dependencies to get started…
sudo apt install git curl
After installing git and curl above, change into the Nginx root directory and downaload Moodle packages from Github… Always replace the branch number with the latest branch…. The current major version is 35….
To load all the settings above, restart Nginx by running the commands below.
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service
Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see Moodle setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.
Then follow the on-screen instructions and select the installation language here…
Next, select MariaDB connection driver and continue…
On the next screen, enter the database connection info you created above and continue…
Then create an admin account and the Moodle site info and finish the instalation….
On this page you should configure your main administrator account which will have complete control over the site. Make sure you give it a secure username and password as well as a valid email address. You can create more admin accounts later on.
Congratulation! You have successfully installed Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 and may work on upcoming 18.10…
In the future when you want to upgrade to a new released version, simply run the commands below to upgrade…
First stop the webserver…
sudo systemctl stop nginx
For students and new users who already have Moodle installed and wish to upgrade, asuming that you followed the steps above to install, run the commands below to backup your old Moodle folder…
Then change into the webserver root directory and download the latest version of Moodle from Github….. always change the version number to the current (latest)
sudo git clone -b MOODLE_35_STABLE git://git.moodle.org/moodle.git moodle
Next, copy Moodle config file, theme and data folder… If you updated your themes… a theme content should be there…. If you also installed aditional modules… you should find them in the /mod directory… copy them to the new Moodle folder….
The last step is to trigger the upgrade processes within Moodle….. If you put your site into Maintenance mode earlier; take it out now!
Once you browse to the server IP or hostname, Moodle should prompt you to begin upgrading your database… After upgrading the database, logon to Moodle and go to:
Administration > Site administration > Notifications.
Moodle will automatically detect the new version and perform all the SQL database or file system upgrades that are necessary. If there is anything it can’t do itself (very rare) then you will see messages telling you what you need to do.
Assuming all goes well (no error messages) then you can start using your new version of Moodle and enjoy the new features!