Setup Shopware on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 / 18.10 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2-FPM

If you want to get Shopware with Nginx HTTP support on Ubuntu, the steps below shoiuld be a great place to start… The steps show you how to install Shopware with Nginx, PHP 7.2-FPM and MariaDB support on Ubuntu…

Shopware is a an eCommerce platform that helps you run your online shops…. It has everything you need to build an eCommerce website to sell your products and comes with features sets that enable a robust online store with impressive user experience….

Whether you’re creating an eCommerce website for personal use or building a robust business online portal, Shopware can help you create and manage your content and products efficiently on every device with its minimalist and modern user and admin interface….

This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install Shopware eCommerce platform on Ubuntu 18.10 / 16.04 and 18.04 LTS.

If you currently using eCommerce platforms like Magento or PrestaShop and not happy, you may want to give Shopware CMS a try… It’s a great alternative to those PHP based content mangement systems.

For more on Shopware CMS , please vist its home page

To get started with installing Shopware, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Nginx HTTP Server is probably the second most popular web server in use… so install it since Shopware needs it..

To install Nginx HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below…

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Nginx default test page as shown below.. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected..

http://localhost

nginx default home page test

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open source database servers to use with Magento… To install MariaDB run the commands below…

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots..

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.04 and 18.10 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon to MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on… if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

mariadb welcome

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2-FPM and Related Modules

PHP 7.2-FPM may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2-FPM, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Nginx…

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and close out.

Step 3: Restart Nginx

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations…

To restart Nginx, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Step 4: Create Shopware Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for Shopware to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank Shopwaredatabase.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called shopware

CREATE DATABASE shopware;

Create a database user called shopwareuser with new password

CREATE USER 'shopwareuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON shopware.* TO 'shopwareuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download Shopware Latest Release

To get Shopware latest release you may want to use Github repository… Install Composer, Curl and other dependencies to get started…

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Nginx root directory and downaload Shopware packages from Github…

cd /var/www/html
sudo composer create-project shopware/composer-project shopware --no-interaction --stability=dev
cd /var/www/html/shopware
sudo ./app/install.sh
sudo ./app/post-install.sh

The install.sh command above should provide you with series of prompts… use the guide below to complete:

Hi there! We need to configure your shop before proceeding any further, please complete the following fields

--------------------------
Database settings
--------------------------

Enter your database host (default: 127.0.0.1): localhost
Enter your database name (default: swcomposer): shopware
Enter your database username (default: shopware): shopwareuser
Enter your database password (default: shopware): database_user_password
Enter your database port number (default: 3306): 

--------------------------
Admin settings
--------------------------

Admin username (default: demo): admin
Admin password (default: demo): admin_user_password
Admin name (default: John Doe): Admin User
Admin email (default: demo@demo.com): admin@example.com

--------------------------
Shop settings
--------------------------

Enter your shop URL incl. protocol and path (default: http://shopware.example/path): http://example.com
Would you like to install demo data? (Y/n) y

After running the above commands, run the commands below to set the correct permissions for Shopware to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/shopware/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/shopware/

Step 6: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for Shopware… This file will control how users access Shopware content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called shopware

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/shopware

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/shopware;
    index  shopware.php index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

    client_max_body_size 100M;

    location / {
          try_files $uri $uri/ /shopware.php$is_args$args;
    }

    location /recovery/install {
        index index.php;
        try_files $uri /recovery/install/index.php$is_args$args;
   }

    location /recovery/update/ {
    location /recovery/update/assets {
       }
         if (!-e $request_filename){
        rewrite . /recovery/update/index.php last;
     }
  }        

    location ~ \.php$ {
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    fastcgi_pass           unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
    fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
     }

}

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the Shopware

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/shopware /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Step 8 : Restart Nginx

To load all the settings above, restart Nginx by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server to connect to shopware portal…

http://example.com/

You should see Shopware eCommerce portal for you…

Shopware ubuntu install

Congratulation! You have successfully installed Shopware on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 and may work on upcoming 18.10…

In the future when you want to upgrade to a new released version, simply run the commands below to upgrade…

Update the version number of /var/www/html/shopware/composer.json in the composer.json, e.g. from 5.4.0 to 5.4.1 after this version has been released:

sudo nano /var/www/html/shopware/composer.json

Then update the version number…

"require": {
        "shopware/shopware": "5.4.1",
        ...

Then run composer update to have Composer update the installed version of Shopware to the new version…. Do not forget to commit the new composer.lock file to your project afterwards.

cd /var/www/html/shopware/
sudo composer update

That’s it!

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