Setup OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 Support

Since Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server was released, I have been testing using my lab computer running VMware Workstation… and the steps below is how I got OwnCloud installed with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 support…

OwnCloud is a true open source, self-hosted cloud storage service. Like DropBox and other cloud storage services, OwnCloud provides similar functions and unlike the other proprietary storage services, OwnCloud is free to use…

OwnCloud enables private cloud services on users’ own servers. It’s a self-hosted file sync and share app platforms and with it you can access & sync your files, contacts and data across your devices.

This brief tutorial shows students and new users steps to install and configure OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Servers in your own environment.

To get started with installing OwnCloud, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server

OwnCloud needs a web server… and the second most popular webserver in used today is Nginx. So, go and install Nginx on Ubuntu by running the commands below:

sudo apt install nginx

The commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Step 2: Install MariaDB Server

OwnCloud need a database server…. and MariaDB database server is a great place to start. To install it run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service

Step 3: Install PHP7.1-FPM and Related Modules

OwnCloud also requires PHP to function. To install PHP and related modules run the commands below….

PHP 7.1 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.1

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.1

sudo apt update

Run the commands below to install PHP 7.1-FPM and related modules…

sudo apt install php7.1-fpm php7.1-common php7.1-mbstring php7.1-xmlrpc php7.1-soap php7.1-apcu php7.1-smbclient php7.1-ldap php7.1-redis php7.1-gd php7.1-xml php7.1-intl php7.1-json php7.1-imagick php7.1-mysql php7.1-cli php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-ldap php7.1-zip php7.1-curl

After install PHP, run the commands below to open FPM PHP default file.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.1/fpm/php.ini

Then make the change the following lines below in the file and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
display_errors = Off
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Step 4: Create OwnCloud Database

Now that you’ve install all the packages that are required, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank OwnCloud database.

Run the commands below to logon to the database server. When prompted for a password, type the root password you created above.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called owncloud

CREATE DATABASE owncloud;

Create a database user called ownclouduser with new password

CREATE USER 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON owncloud.* TO 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download OwnCloud Latest Release

Next, visit OwnCloud site to download your free copy. The community edition is what you’ll want to download.

Run the commands below to download OwnCloud via the command line terminal and extract the files in its root directory…

cd /tmp && wget https://download.owncloud.org/community/owncloud-10.0.3.zip
unzip owncloud-10.0.3.zip
sudo mv owncloud /var/www/html/owncloud

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for OwnCloud to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/owncloud/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/owncloud/

Step 6: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Nginx site configuration file for OwnCloud. This file will control how users access OwnCloud content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called owncloud

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/owncloud

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/owncloud;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
        return 404;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        return 404;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+|core/templates/40[34])\.php(?:$|/) {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.1-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;
         fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
         fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }

    location ~* \.(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        access_log off;
    }

}

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the OwnCloud Site

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/owncloud /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Step 8 : Restart Nginx

To load all the settings above, restart Apache2 by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name followed by install. You should see OwnCloud setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com

You should then see OwnCloud setup page.. Connect to the database using the information you created and continue. Select the database server installed on your systems by clicking it as shown in the image below

owncloud_ubuntu

Click Finish setup and you’re done.

Enjoy!

owncloud ubuntu

Congratulations! You have successfully installed OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server

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4 Replies to “Setup OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 Support

  1. PHP 7.1 is no longer available in 18.04. Needs to be added through PPA. Owncloud doesn’t work with 7.2 yet.

  2. How would i configure this if I want localhost with port 1234 to be the server name? I can’t get it to load the owncloud configuration page.

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