Setup Maian Cart on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 with Nginx

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This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install and configure Maian Cart on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04.

Our previous tutorial showed you how to run Maian Cart with Apache2. This one shows you how to do it with Nginx instead.

Maian Cart is a refreshingly simple and fast online eCommerce platform that has everything you need to build an eCommerce website for your business.

This eCommerce software is responsive, easy to use and built on the LAMP | LEMP stack with lots of extensions to enhance the platform. It also comes with modules like Top Rated, Featured Products, Payment gateway and more.

If you’re looking for platform to build an eCommerce website for personal use or a robust business online portal, Maian Cart can help you create and manage your content and products efficiently on every device with its minimalist and modern user and admin interface.

For more on Maian Cart CMS , please visit its home page

When you’re ready to get Maian Cart working on Ubuntu, please continue with the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Nginx HTTP Server is the most popular web server in use. so install it, since Maian Cart needs it.

To install Nginx HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Nginx default test page as shown below. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected.

nginx default home page test

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open source database servers to use with Magento. To install MariaDB run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 19.04 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon to MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on. if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

mariadb welcome

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2-FPM and Related Modules

PHP 7.2-FPM may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2-FPM and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2-FPM, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Nginx.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and close out.

Step 3: Restart Nginx

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations.

To restart Nginx, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Step 4: Create Maian Cart Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for Maian Cart to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank Magento database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called maiancart


Create a database user called maiancartuser with new password

CREATE USER 'maiancartuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON maiancart.* TO 'maiancartuser'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.


Step 5: Download and Install Maian Cart

Run the commands below to download Maian Cart latest content. then unzip the download file and move the content to Nginx default root directory.

Go to its download page and get the latest
cd ~/Downloads
sudo mv maian_cart /var/www/maiancart

After downloading and extracting Maiancart data, run the commands below to configure its database connection settings.

sudo nano /var/www/maiancart/store/control/connect.php

Then edit the highlighted lines, then save the file.

  Enter your database connection parameters below.

  DO NOT edit the values in capitals, these are system constants.
  Edit the values on the right ONLY. Examples:

  define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
  define('DB_USER', 'db_user');

  Important: The prefix is for people with only a single database. If you aren`t bothered
  about the prefix, do NOT comment it out. Leave it blank if no prefix is required.


define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
define('DB_USER', 'maiancartuser');
define('DB_PASS', 'enter_password_here');
define('DB_NAME', 'maiancart');
define('DB_PREFIX', 'mc_');


 [!] You can change this at any point in time to invalidate all existing login credentials (if applicable).

define('SECRET_KEY', '123456'); 

To generate a secret key for your server. go to the link below:

Copy and paste the secret key into the line save.

Next, run the commands below to change the root folder permissions.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/maiancart/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/maiancart/

Step 6: Configure Nginx Maian Cart Site

Finally, configure Nginx configuration file for Maian Cart. This file will control how users access Maian Cart content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called maiancart

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/maiancart

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    root   /var/www/maiancart;
    index  index.php;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/;

    client_max_body_size 100M;
    autoindex off;

    location / {
    try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         include fastcgi_params;
         fastcgi_intercept_errors on;

Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

Step 7: Enable the Maian Cart Site and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below, then restart Nginx server.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/maiancart /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Next, open your browser and go to the URL. and continue with the installation.

You should see Maian Cart installation page. Follow the installation wizard to complete the setup,

Maiancart Ubuntu Install

Next, Choose MySQL5 and continue

Maiancart Ubuntu Install

Next, choose to include demo products. and complete the installation.

Maiancart Ubuntu Install

After that, Maian Cart should be installed and ready to use.

Delete the install folder.

sudo rm -rf /var/www/maiancart/store/install/

To login to the backend portal, you’ll have to set the admin login credentials in the file below
Again, using your text editor, open the /var/www/maiancart/store/admin/control/access.php file and create a administrator username/password. Example:

define('USERNAME', 'superadmin');
define('PASSWORD', 'enter_password');

Login and begin building the site!

Maiancart Ubuntu

Here are a few things worth considering:

  • Read the rest of the instructions on the installation docs page thoroughly.
  • Refer to the ‘Getting Started’ section for help on getting started with your new cart.
  • If you have issues, see the ‘Support Options‘. As with any new software, please be patient with it.
  • The system can be adapted into any existing layouts. More info.
  • Once you are happy the system is ready to go live, you should enable the cache to speed up page load times and reduce database queries.
  • If you like this software, a one time payment for the commercial version offers many benefits.

That’s it!

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