Setup Joomla CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 Support

I have been testing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS edition… and the steps below shows you how I got Joomla CMS installed and configured with Nginx HTTP Server

This post shows students and new users how to install Joomla on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 support. Like many other content management systems, Joomla runs on top of the LAMP stack. LAMP is a collection of open source software that allows webmasters to create dynamic and powerful websites and applications.

For those who don’t know, Joomla is an open source content management system (CMS) that helps webmasters and bloggers create dynamic websites. It might be the second or third most popular CMS installed today, right behind WordPress. So, if WordPress isn’t meeting your needs, you may want to give Joomla a try.

This post should be easy to follow even for new users.

To get started with installing and configuring Joomla on Ubuntu, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server

Joomla needs a webserver and a great place to start is with Nginx. So, go and install Nginx webserver on Ubuntu by running the commands below:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Step 2: Install MariaDB Server

Joomla also requires a database server and MariaDB is a great database server…. To install it run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

 

After configuring above, restart MariaDB server by running the commands below

sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service

Step 3: Install PHP 7.1-FPM and Related Modules

PHP 7.1 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.1

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.1

sudo apt update

Finally, run the commands below to install PHP 7.1 and related modules..

sudo apt-get install php7.1-fpm php7.1-common php7.1-mbstring php7.1-xmlrpc php7.1-soap php7.1-gd php7.1-xml php7.1-intl php7.1-mysql php7.1-cli php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-ldap php7.1-zip php7.1-curl

After install PHP, run the commands below to open FPM PHP default file.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.1/fpm/php.ini

Then make the change the following lines below in the file and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 64M
max_execution_time = 30
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Some of the packages above depend on Apache2 webserver.. so installing them might also install Apache2. Run the commands below to disable Apache2, since we’re using Nginx instead.

sudo systemctl disable apache2.service

Step 4: Create Joomla Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank database for Joomla.

The commands below log you on to the database server. When prompted for a password, type the root password you created above.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called joomla

CREATE DATABASE joomla;

Create a database user called joomlauser with new password

CREATE USER 'joomlauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON joomla.* TO 'joomlauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download Joomla Latest Release

Next, run the commands below to download Joomla latest release.

cd /tmp && wget https://github.com/joomla/joomla-cms/releases/download/3.8.0/Joomla_3.8.0-Stable-Full_Package.zip

Then run the commands below to install unzip package, create Joomla folder in Apache2 root folder and extract the Joomla archived file.

sudo apt-get install unzip
sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/joomla
sudo unzip Joomla*.zip -d /var/www/html/joomla

Change modify the directory permission.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/

Step 6: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Nginx site configuration file for Joomla. This file will control how users access Joomla content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called joomla

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/joomla

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/joomla;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;        
    }

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.1-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;
    }

}

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the Joomla site

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/joomla /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Step 8 : Restart Nginx and PHP-FPM

To load all the settings above, restart Apache2 by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service
sudo systemctl restart php7.1-fpm.service

Then browse to the domain name and you should see Joomla site setup wizard.

ex. http://example.com

joomla ubuntu install page

Follow the onscreen instructions until you’re successfully installed Joomla.

joomla ubuntu installation

Enjoy!

You may also like the post below:

Install Joomla CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 Support

5 Replies to “Setup Joomla CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 Support

  1. There’s a typo in one of the commands, missing the ‘r’ in service.
    sudo systemctl restart php7.1-fpm.sevice

  2. Tout est ok sauf

    cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0 qui fait une page blanche dans /administrator et tous les liens en cascade verticalement
    en laissant #cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0 tout fonctionne! !
    et pour proftpd lui creer un User et l’assigner au groupe www-data pour pouvoir avoir le FTP
    sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/ pour que le groupe www-data est acces et pas 755
    Je cherche depuis 3 jours !

  3. Tout est ok sauf

    cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0 qui fait une page blanche dans /administrator et tous les liens en cascade verticalement
    en laissant #cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0 tout fonctionne! !
    et pour proftpd lui creer un User et l’assigner au groupe www-data pour pouvoir avoir le FTP
    sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/ pour que le groupe www-data est acces et pas 755
    max_execution_time = 300 et pas 30 (voir le site de joomla)
    date.timezone = Europe/Paris

    Je cherche depuis 3 jours !

  4. Just gtting the welcome to nginx page. aren’t you supposed to delete the symlink to default. oh well dont worry about it. trashing linode and starting over 3rd time.

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