Setup glFusion CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2-FPM

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Our previous tutorial showed you how to install and configure glFusion CMS with Apache2 and PHP support. However, for those who want to run glFusion with Nginx and PHP-FPM instead, they should use the steps below to accomplish that.

glFusion CMS is free, open source and dynamic PHP-based content management system (CMS) that allows webmasters to build and manage web content across multiple devices.

glFusion lets you manage content, granularly administer users and groups, comes with built-in Spam protection, forum files and media management and more.

If you looking for a CMS platform that is easy to install, simple to maintain and flexible, then glFusion is a good place to start.

This CMS platform is fast and lightweight, gives webmasters modular and extensible features, extensible via plugins to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile.

For more about glFusion, please check their Homepage

This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install glFusion on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.10 and 18.04 LTS.

To get started with installing glFusion, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server

glFusion requires a web server and Nginx HTTP server is probably the second most popular open source web server available today. To install Nginx server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Now that Nginx is installed. to test whether the web server is working, open your browser and browse to the URL below.

nginx default home page test

If you see the page above, then Nginx is successfully installed.

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

glFusion also requires a database server to store its content. If you’re looking for a truly open source database server, then MariaDB is a great place to start. To install MariaDB run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Now that MariaDB is installed, to test whether the database server was successfully installed, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

type the root password when prompted.

mariadb welcome

If you see a similar screen as shown above, then the server was successfully installed.

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2-FPM and Related Modules

glFusion is a PHP based CMS and PHP is required. However, PHP 7.2-FPM may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. To run PHP 7.2-FPM on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-mysql php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default configuration file for Nginx.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

The lines below is a good settings for most PHP based CMS. Update the configuration file with these and save.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Everytime you make changes to PHP configuration file, you should also restart Nginx web server. To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Now that PHP is installed, to test whether it’s functioning, create a test file called phpinfo.php in Nginx default root directory. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address followed by phpinfo.php


You should see PHP default test page.

PHP Test Page

Step 4: Create glFusion CMS Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for glFusion to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank glFusion database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called glfusion

CREATE DATABASE glfusion CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;

Create a database user called glfusionuser with a new password

CREATE USER 'glfusionuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON glfusion.* TO 'glfusionuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.


Step 5: Download glFusion Latest Release

To get glFusion latest release you may want to go and download from its download page. Or use the commands below to use wget and get it downloaded.

Once downloaded extract the downloaded content into the newly created glFusion directory.

cd /tmp
wget -O glfusion-1.7.7.tar.gz
tar xvf glfusion-1.7.7.tar.gz
sudo mv glfusion-1.7.7 /var/www/html/glfusion

Next, run the commands below to set the correct permissions for glFusion root directory and give Nginx control.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/glfusion/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/glfusion/

Step 6: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Nginx site configuration file for glFusion. This file will control how users access glFusion content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called glfusion

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/glfusion

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/glfusion;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;

    client_max_body_size 100M;

    location / {
            rewrite "^/article.php/(.*)/(.*)$" /article.php?story=$1&mode=$2 last;
            rewrite ^/article.php/(.*)$ /article.php?story=$1 last; 
            rewrite ^/trackback.php/(.*)$ /trackback.php?id=$1 last;
            rewrite ^/staticpages/index.php/(.*)$ /staticpages/index.php?page=$1 last; 
            rewrite ^/page.php/(.*)$ /page.php?page=$1 last; 
            rewrite ^/links/portal.php/link/(.*)$ /links/portal.php?what=link&item=$1 last;  
            rewrite ^/filemgmt/index.php/(.*)$ /filemgmt/index.php?id=$1 last;
            rewrite "^/directory.php/(.*)/(\d{1,})/(\d{1,})$" /directory.php?topic=$1&year=$2&month=$3 last;

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the glFusion

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/glfusion /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see glFusion setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

Then follow the on-screen instruction to complete the setup. select the installation language and continue.

glFusion Install Ubuntu

Accept the default path for its private directory

glFusion Install Ubuntu

Validate that all requirements are met and continue

glFusion Ubuntu Install

On the next screen, type in the database name, user and password and create a backend admin account.

glFusion Ubuntu Install

The admin account should be created with password given. Click to delete the install files and complete the installation.

glFusion Ubuntu Install

Go go you site

glFusion Ubuntu Install

Logon to the backend and start building your content

glFusion Ubuntu Install

Congratulation! You have successfully installed glFusion CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04.

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