Setup Elgg Social Network Engine on Ubuntu 16.04 | 17.10 | 18.04 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2-FPM Support

Recently we showed you how to install Elgg Social Networking engine with Apache2 HTTP support… For those wanting to run it with Nginx, the steps below should be a great place to start… Nginx has some benefits that Apache2 might not have…

Elgg is an opensource social networking engine framework that makes it easy for anyone to build and maintain social networking websites for any purpose….  This open source CMS enables you to will help you build robust social networking websites for your school, company or for any group looking to collaborate around the same ideas or issues….

Whether you’re creating a personal or company social networking platform, Elgg CMS can help you build and manage your content on every device with its intuitive and powerful user and admin dashboard…

This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install Elgg CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 17.10 and 18.04 LTS.

If you are looking for an open source platform to manage your social communities, Elgg may be able to help you build and manage your communities…

For more on Elgg social platform , please vist its home page

When you’re ready to get Elgg platform working on Ubuntu, please continue with the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Nginx HTTP Server is the most popular web server in use… so install it, since Elgg CMS needs it..

To install Nginx HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below…

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx , the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Nginx default test page as shown below.. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected..

http://localhost

nginx default home page test

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open source database servers to use with Magento… To install MariaDB run the commands below…

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots..

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 17.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon to MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on… if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

mariadb welcome

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2-FPM and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Nginx …

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and close out.

Step 3: Restart Nginx

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations…

To restart Nginx , run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Step 4: Create Magento Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for Elgg CMS to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank Magento database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called elgg

CREATE DATABASE elgg;

Create a database user called elgguser with new password

CREATE USER 'elgguser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON elgg.* TO 'elgguser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download and Install Elgg CMS

Run the commands below to download Elgg CMS latest content… then unzip the download file and move the content to Nginx default root directory…

cd /tmp && wget https://elgg.org/download/elgg-2.3.7.zip
unzip elgg-2.3.7.zip
sudo mv elgg-2.3.7 /var/www/html/elgg

Next, create Elgg data directory to store data content…

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/elgg/data

Next, run the commands below to change the root folder permissions…

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/elgg/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/elgg/

Step 6: Configure Nginx Elgg CMS Site

Finally, configure Nginx configuration file for Elgg CMS . This file will control how users access Elgg CMS content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called elgg

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/elgg

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/elgg;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

    client_max_body_size 100M;

    location = /rewrite.php {
        rewrite ^(.*)$ /install.php;
    } 
   
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?__elgg_uri=$uri&$query_string;
       }

    location ~ \.php$ {
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    fastcgi_pass           unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
    fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
     }

}

Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

Step 7: Enable the Elgg CMS Site

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below, then restart Nginx server…

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/elgg /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Next, open your brwoser and go to the URL.. and continue with the installation….

http://example.com

You should see Elgg installatioin wizard page… click Next to continue..

Elgg Ubuntu install

Validate that PHP requirements are met, then enter the database connection ingo you created above and continue….

Elgg Ubuntu install

Next, type in the site info and specify the database directory you created above and continue…

Elgg Ubuntu setup

Next, create the admin password and complete the wizard….

After that, Elggshould be installed and ready to use..

Elgg Ubuntu install

To logon to the backend, type the URL below:

http://example.com/admin

Enjoy!

You may also like the post below:

Setup Elefant CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 17.10 / 18.04 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP-FPM 7.2 Support

One Reply to “Setup Elgg Social Network Engine on Ubuntu 16.04 | 17.10 | 18.04 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2-FPM Support”

  1. Thanks for the Tutorial, helped me a lot. Just for correction Step3 has a minor spelling issue on “nginx”.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.