Setup e107 CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 / 18.10 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2-FPM

For those who want to run e107 CMS on Ubuntu with Nginx and PHP 7.2-FPM support, the steps below should be a great place to start… Our previous post showed you how to do it with Apache2 HTTP server….

e107 is a powerful, user-friendly, open source content management system (CMS) use to create websites without having to learn and write codes…. It provides a clean and simple administrative area without the clutter… Webmasters and users will feel comfortable building online databases, e-commerce and multilingual sites….

If you want a Content Management System (CMS) that has more features than many other CMS platforms, then e107 CMS is a good place to start… e107 CMS is built on an open source core with support for open standards, which might be very useful in helping you run your digital content…

This CMS platform is designed for ease of use to allow enterprises and business owners to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile…

For more about e107 CMS, please check their Homepage

This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install e107 CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.10 and 18.04 LTS…

To get started with installing e107, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server

e107 CMS requires a web server and Nginx HTTP server is the most popular open source web server available today… To install Nginx server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots…

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Now that Nginx is installed…. to test whether the web server is working, open your browser and browse to the URL below…

http://localhost

nginx default home page test

If you see the page above, then Nginx is successfully installed…

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

e107 also requires a database server to store its content… If you’re looking for a truly open source database server, then MariaDB is a great place to start… To install MariaDB run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots…

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation…

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Now that MariaDB is installed, to test whether the database server was successfully installed, run the commands below…

sudo mysql -u root -p

type the root password when prompted…

mariadb welcome

If you see a similar screen as shown above, then the server was successfully installed…

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

e107 CMS is a PHP based CMS and PHP is required… However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-mysql php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-bcmath php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default configuration file for Nginx…

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

The lines below is a good settings for most PHP based CMS… Update the configuration file with these and save….

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Everytime you make changes to PHP configuration file, you should also restart Nginx web server… To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Now that PHP is installed, to test whether it’s functioning, create a test file called phpinfo.php in Nginx default root directory…. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address followed by phpinfo.php

http://localhost/phpinfo.php

You should see PHP default test page…

PHP Test Page

Step 4: Create e107 Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for e107 to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank e107 database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called e107

CREATE DATABASE e107;

Create a database user called e107user with a new password

CREATE USER 'e107user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON e107.* TO 'e107user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download e107 Latest Release

To get e107 latest release you may want to download it from its download page… Use the link below to get the latest… At the time of this writing, the current version is 2.1.9

Download and extract the downloaded content into Nginx root directory…

https://e107.org/download

cd /tmp
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/e107/files/e107/e107%20v2.1.9/e107_2.1.9_full.zip
sudo unzip -d /var/www/html/e107 /tmp/e107_2.1.9_full.zip

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for e107 root directory and give Nginx control….

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/e107/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/e107/

Step 6: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for e107. This file will control how users access e107 content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called e107

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/e107

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/e107;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

     client_max_body_size 100M;

     autoindex off;

     # Add trailing slash to */e107_admin requests.
     rewrite /e107_admin$ $scheme://$host$uri/ permanent;


     location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
       }

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;
    }
}

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the e107 and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/e107 /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see e107 setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com/

Then follow the on-screen instructions… Choose your installation language and continue..

e107 ubuntu install

Next, type in the database information you created above and continue…

e107 ubuntu setup

Next, setup the admin account and choose your default theme and continue..

e107 ubuntu install

After a moment, e107 should be installed and ready to use… You should be able to logon with the admin account created above..

e107 ubuntu setup

That’s it!

Congratulation! You have successfully installed e107 CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 and 18.10….

You may also like the post below:

Install ClassicPress CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 / 18.10 with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP 7.2