Setup Coaster CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 with Nginx

This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install Coaster CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 with Nginx HTTP server…

Our previous tutorial showed you how to run Coaster CMS on Ubuntu with Apache2 which can be found here.

Coaster CMS is a next generation Laravel based content management system (CMS) designed to be flexible and user friendly that you’ll want to use to power your websites and blogs..

It is a new, lightweight blogging platform written entirely in the Laravel PHP Framework which will help you simplify the process of building and maintaining a website for businesses or individuals..

Students and new users looking for help installing the latest version of Coaster CMS using Composer with Nginx and PHP 7.2 support, then the steps below should be a great place to start…

When you use Composer to install Coaster CMS packages, you can easily upgrade from the command line with Composer, which is much simpler…

Coaster CMS also has built-in modules that extend its functionality and the platform is actively being developed…

For more about Coaster CMS, please check its homepage

To get started with installing Coaster CMS, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Nginx HTTP Server is probably the second most popular web server in use… so install it since Coaster CMS needs it..

To install Nginx HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below…

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Nginx default test page as shown below.. When you see that, then Nginx is working as expected..

http://localhost

Nginx web server default test page

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

Coaster CMS also needs a database server to store its content… and MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open source database servers to use with Coaster CMS…

To install MariaDB run the commands below…

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots..

Run these on Ubuntu

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon to MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on… if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2-FPM and Related Modules

PHP 7.2-FPM may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2-FPM and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Nginx…

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
max_input_vars = 1500
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and close out.

Step 4: Create Coaster CMS Database

Now that you’ve install all the packages that are required, continue below to start configuring the servers. First create a Coaster CMS database.

Run the commands below to logon to MariaDB. When prompted for a password, type the root password you created above.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called coastercms

CREATE DATABASE coastercms;

Create a database user called coastercmseuser with new password

CREATE USER 'coastercmsuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the coastercms database.

GRANT ALL ON coastercms.* TO 'coastercmsuser'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Restart Nginx

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Nginx to reload PHP configurations…

To restart Nginx, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

To test PHP 7.2 settings with Nginx, create a phpinfo.php file in Nginx root directory by running the commands below

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Save the file.. then browse to your server hostname followed by /phpinfo.php

http://localhost/phpinfo.php

You should see PHP default test page…

PHP 7.2 ubuntu nginx

Step 6: Download Coaster CMS Latest Release

To get Coaster CMS latest release you may want to use Github repository… Install Composer, Curl and other dependencies to get started…

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

After installing curl and Composer above, change into the Nginx root directory and download Coaster CMS packages from Github…

cd /var/www
sudo composer create-project web-feet/coastercms coastercms

After that, run the commands below to set the correct permissions for Coaster to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/coastercms/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/coastercms/

Step 7: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Nginx site configuration file for Coaster CMS… This file will control how users access Coaster CMS content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called coastercms

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/coastercms

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    server_name  example.com www.example.com;
    root   /var/www/coastercms/public;
    index  index.php;
    
    access_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.error.log;

    client_max_body_size 100M;
  
    autoindex off;

    location / {
    index index.html index.php;
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;
      }

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         include fastcgi_params;
         fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    }
}

Save the file and exit.

Step 8: Enable the Coaster

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/coastercms /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see Coaster CMS setup wizard…

http://example.com/

Coastercms Ubuntu Install

Verify that all is good and continue..

On this screen, enter the database name, database user and password and continue

Coaster CMS Ubuntu install

Next, create an admin account and continue.

Coaster CMS Ubuntu install

After that, select a theme to use and complete the installation..

Coaster CMS Ubuntu installNow to access the admin portal, go to:

http://example.com/admin

Coaster CMS Ubuntu install

Start building your site

Conclusion:

You have learned how to install Coaster CMS on Ubuntu with Nginx HTTP server.. If you find any error above, please leave a comment below

Thanks,

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