Setup ClassicPress on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 / 18.10 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP 7.2-FPM

Running ClassicPress on Ubuntu  with Nginx HTTP and PHP 7.2-FPM support is easy… Follow the steps below to get it done..

ClassicPress is a fork and modified version of WordPress that serves the business website market… It is still being developed and will serve as an alternative to WordPress with Gutenberg..

With ClassicPress, you get a clean and simple administrative area without the clutter… Webmasters and users who still love WordPress classic interface will feel comfortable building online databases, e-commerce and multilingual sites….

If you want an enhanced version of WordPress that works like the original, then ClassicPress CMS is a good place to start… ClassicPress is built on an open source core with support for open standards, which might be very useful in helping you run your digital content…

This CMS platform is designed for ease of use to allow enterprises and business owners to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile…

For more about ClassicPress, please check their Homepage

This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install ClassicPress on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.10 and 18.04 LTS…

To get started with installing ClassicPress, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server

ClassicPress requires a web server and Nginx HTTP server is probably the second most popular open source web server available today… To install Nginx server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots…

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Now that Nginx is installed…. to test whether the web server is working, open your browser and browse to the URL below…

http://localhost

nginx default home page test

If you see the page above, then Nginx is successfully installed…

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

ClassicPress also requires a database server to store its content… If you’re looking for a truly open source database server, then MariaDB is a great place to start… To install MariaDB run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots…

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation…

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Now that MariaDB is installed, to test whether the database server was successfully installed, run the commands below…

sudo mysql -u root -p

type the root password when prompted…

mariadb welcome

If you see a similar screen as shown above, then the server was successfully installed…

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

ClassicPress is a PHP based CMS and PHP is required… However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-mysql php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default configuration file for Nginx…

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

The lines below is a good settings for most PHP based CMS… Update the configuration file with these and save….

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Everytime you make changes to PHP configuration file, you should also restart Nginx web server… To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Now that PHP is installed, to test whether it’s functioning, create a test file called phpinfo.php in Nginx default root directory…. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address followed by phpinfo.php

http://localhost/phpinfo.php

You should see PHP default test page…

PHP Test Page

Step 4: Create ClassicPress Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for ClassicPress to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank ClassicPress database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called classicpress

CREATE DATABASE classicpress;

Create a database user called classicpressuser with a new password

CREATE USER 'classicpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON classicpress.* TO 'classicpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download ClassicPress Latest Release

To get ClassicPress latest release you may want to download it from its download page… Use the link below to get the latest… At the time of this writing, ClassicPress is still in an Alpha state…

Download and extract the downloaded content into Nginx root directory…

https://www.classicpress.net/download/

cd /tmp
wget https://github.com/ClassicPress/ClassicPress-release/archive/1.0.0-alpha1.zip
sudo unzip -d /var/www/html/classicpress /tmp/1.0.0-alpha1.zip

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for ClassicPress root directory and give Nginx control….

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/classicpress/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/classicpress/

Step 6: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for ClassicPress. This file will control how users access ClassicPress content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called classicpress

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/classicpress

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/classicpress;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

     client_max_body_size 100M;

     autoindex off;

     location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
       }

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;
    }
}

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the ClassicPress and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/classicpress /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see ClassicPress setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com/

Then follow the on-screen instructions… Choose your installation language and continue..

ClassicPress Ubuntu Install

Next, click Let’s go! button to begin setting up the database….

ClassicPress Ubuntu Install

Next, type in the database information you created above and continue….

ClassicPress Ubuntu Install

Then click Run the installation button…

ClassicPress Ubuntu Install

Next, create your site title, admin account and complete the setup…

ClassicPress Ubuntu Install

You should be able to use your new setup…

ClassicPress Ubuntu Install

That’s it!

Congratulation! You have successfully installed ClassicPress CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 and 18.10….

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