In most school environments is where you get to see Apache2 Userdir in action. each teacher is given his/her own website where he/she can publish materials for students to access. The URL to reach the teacher’s page is usually the domain name followed by /~teacher_name.
User Directory or Userdir for short is a module for Apache2 web server that allows user-specific directories to be accessed via Apache2. For example, when you enable this feature in Apache2, users with accounts on the system will be able to share content in their home directories with the world via Apache2.
This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to enable and configure it on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Servers using Apache2.
To get started with enabling Userdir on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, the steps below is a good place to start:
This tutorial assumes that you already have Apache2 web server installed. If you haven’t, you may want to do that before continuing below.
Step 1: Install Apache2 HTTP Server
First, run the commands below to install Apache2 HTTP Server on Ubuntu
sudo apt install apache2
Step 2: Enabling Userdir on Apache2
To enable Userdir module for Apache2 webservers, run the commands below
sudo a2enmod userdir
After running the commands above the feature will be enabled and ready to be used. The configuration file is at /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/userdir.conf. But you don’t have to do anything. It’s already configured with the best options.
To access the config file, run the commands below
sudo nano /etc/apache2/mods-available/userdir.conf
Then validate the settings below:
<IfModule mod_userdir.c> UserDir public_html UserDir disabled root <Directory /home/*/public_html> AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit Indexes Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec Require method GET POST OPTIONS </Directory> </IfModule> # vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet
Step 3: Creating User Directories
Now that the feature is enabled, all users have to do is run the commands below to create a folder in their home directories called public_html by running the commands below.
In the ~/public_html folder, create html documents to be shared and accessed via the webserver.
Restart Apache2 webserver to load the settings.
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service
Now test it out by browsing to the server hostname or IP address followed by the username.
This is how Apache2 Userdir module is configured for users to allow users with accounts on the systems to share content from their home directories.
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