Setup and Configure Mailcow Server on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 LTS

Mailcow is a free, open source mail server software based on Dovecot, Postfix that allows you to build and host your own mail server in your environment.. Right out of the box, Mailcow will install all necessary components and configure a full-fledge mail server for you…

With it intuitive web portal, you can create as many inboxes as you’d like on your own server..

Mailcow focuses on privacy, to make sure all your data are protected on your own servers, and the best security practices are enabled by default forcing all users to use mail services through secure connections (POP3/IMAP/SMTP over TLS, webmail with HTTPS)…

If you’re looking for a free, open source mail server for your environment, you may want to take a look at Mailcow…

This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install and configure Mailcow on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 LTS servers…

For more about Mailcow, please check its homepage

To get started installing Mailcow, follow the steps below:

Step 0: Configure Ubuntu Hostname

Before installing Mailcow, make sure to configure the hostname of the mail server… For this tutorial, we’re going to be using the hostname and IP address below:

webmail.example.com                    =========== >              192.168.20.2

You can run the commands below to set the server hostname…

sudo hostnamectl set-hostname webmail.example.com

Also, run the commands below to open Ubuntu hosts file…

sudo nano /etc/hosts

Then enter the line as shown below:

192.168.20.1    webmail.example.com webmail localhost
127.0.0.1       localhost
127.0.1.1       ubuntu1804

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1     ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
.......

Save the file and exit…

Step 1: Add Docker Official Repository

Mailcow requires docker to function.. You must install it..

Docker has two editions:  The Enterprise Edition (EE) and the Community Edition (CE).

For this tutorial, we’re going to be installing the community edition of Docker..

If you always want to automatically get the latest version of Docker on Ubuntu, you must add its official repository to Ubuntu system.. To do that, run the commands below to install prerequisite packages…

sudo apt update
sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg-agent software-properties-common

Next, run the commands below to download and install Docker’s official GPG key.. The key is used to validate packages installed from Docker’s repository making sure they’re trusted..

curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-key fingerprint 0EBFCD88

You should see an output shown below:

Output:
pub   rsa4096 2017-02-22 [SCEA]
      9DC8 5822 9FC7 DD38 854A  E2D8 8D81 803C 0EBF CD88
uid           [ unknown] Docker Release (CE deb) <docker@docker.com>
sub   rsa4096 2017-02-22 [S]

Now that the official GPG key is installed, run the commands below to add its stable repository to Ubuntu… To add the nightly or test repository, add the word nightly or test (or both) after the word stable in the commands below…

sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable"

At this point, Docker’s official GPG and repository should be installed on Ubuntu…

For those who currently have older versions of Docker, run the commands below to remove them…

sudo apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.io containerd runc

When you have remove all previous versions of Docker, run the commands below to install the latest and current stable version of Docker…

To install specific version of Docker, run the apt-cache command…Then select the version to install..

apt-cache madison docker-ce

Output:
docker-ce | 5:18.09.5~3-0~ubuntu-bionic | https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu bionic/stable amd64 Packages
docker-ce | 5:18.09.4~3-0~ubuntu-bionic | https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu bionic/stable amd64 Packages
docker-ce | 5:18.09.3~3-0~ubuntu-bionic | https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu bionic/stable amd64 Packages
docker-ce | 5:18.09.2~3-0~ubuntu-bionic | https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu bionic/stable amd64 Packages
....

Now to install a specific version, run the commands below with the version you wish to install

sudo apt-get install docker-ce=5:18.09.5~3-0~ubuntu-bionic docker-ce-cli=5:18.09.5~3-0~ubuntu-bionic containerd.io

If you just want to latest version without specifying above, run the commands below… The command below will always install the highest possible version…

sudo apt update
sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

That should install Docker software on Ubuntu…

Verify that Docker CE is installed correctly by running the hello-world image, run the commands below:

sudo docker run hello-world

You should see a similar lines as below:

Output:
Hello from Docker!
This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.

Docker is installed correctly!

Step 2: Install Docker Compose

On Ubuntu Linux, you can download the Docker Compose binary from the Compose repository release page on GitHub….

To install it, run the commands below to download version 1.24.0… As of this writing this was the current version…

sudo curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.24.0/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

To install a different version of Compose, substitute 1.24.0 with the version of Compose you want to use.

After downloading it, run the commands below to apply executable permissions to the binary file and create a symbolic link to /usr/binary

sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/docker-compose /usr/bin/docker-compose

That should get Docker Compose working… To test, run the commands below:

docker-compose --version

You should see similar output as below:

Output:
docker-compose version 1.24.0, build 0aa59064

That’s it!

To run Docker as a non-root user, add your user account to Docker’s group by running the commands below:

sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

Log out and back in, and you should be able to run docker with your standard account..

Step 3: Install Mailcow

Now that Docker and Docker Compose are installed, run the commands below to get Mailcow installed and configured…

First, install Git by running the commands below:

sudo apt install git

After that, change into the /opt directory and get mailcow-dockerized container…

cd /opt
sudo git clone https://github.com/mailcow/mailcow-dockerized
cd mailcow-dockerized

Next, run the script below to download Mailcow’s dependencies…

sudo ./generate_config.sh
sudo docker-compose pull

The download process may take a while for some systems… so just relax and wait

After the download finishes, you can start your Mailcow server.

sudo docker-compose up -d

You can now access https://${MAILCOW_HOSTNAME} with the default credentials admin  password moohoo.

https://webmail.example.com

Mailcow Ubuntu Install

Login and begin setting up your environment!

Mailcow Ubuntu setup

The database will be initialized right after a connection to MySQL can be established.

Congratulations! You have learned how to installed and configured Mailcow on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 LTS server

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