For those who want to run the upcoming WordPress 5.0 on Ubuntu with Nginx HTTP and PHP 7.2-FPM support, then the steps below should be a great place to start… Our previous tutorial showed you how to install it with Apache2 support…
WordPress 5.0 is just around the corner, and if you’re a students or new users looking for help installing it when it is released, the steps below will show you how properly install WordPress…
The primary feature of this release is the new Gutenberg editor that will become the default WordPress experience going forward….
The good new is, if you feel strongly about not using Gutenberg, there’s an installable plugin that you install to bring back the classic editor instead of using Gutenberg editor…
As always, WordPress is the most popular content management system (CMS) available and probably the one with the most support, plugins and themes…
For more about WordPress CMS, please check their Homepage
This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install WordPress CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.10 and 18.04 LTS…
To get started with installing WordPress, follow the steps below:
Step 1: Install Nginx HTTP Server
WordPress CMS requires a web server and Nginx HTTP server is the most popular open source web server available today… To install Nginx server, run the commands below:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx
After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots…
Now that Nginx is installed…. to test whether the web server is working, open your browser and browse to the URL below…
If you see the page above, then Nginx is successfully installed…
Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server
WordPress also requires a database server to store its content… If you’re looking for a truly open source database server, then MariaDB is a great place to start… To install MariaDB run the commands below:
Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation…
When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.
Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
New password: Enter password
Re-enter new password: Repeat password
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]: Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]: Y
Now that MariaDB is installed, to test whether the database server was successfully installed, run the commands below…
sudo mysql -u root -p
type the root password when prompted…
If you see a similar screen as shown above, then the server was successfully installed…
Step 3: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules
WordPress CMS is a PHP based CMS and PHP is required… However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:
After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default configuration file for Nginx…
sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini
The lines below is a good settings for most PHP based CMS… Update the configuration file with these and save….
file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago
Everytime you make changes to PHP configuration file, you should also restart Nginx web server… To do so, run the commands below:
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service
Now that PHP is installed, to test whether it’s functioning, create a test file called phpinfo.php in Nginx default root directory…. ( /var/www/html/)
sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php
Then type the content below and save the file.
<?php phpinfo( ); ?>
Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address followed by phpinfo.php
You should see PHP default test page…
Step 4: Create WordPress Database
Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for WordPress to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank WordPress database.
To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.
sudo mysql -u root -p
Then create a database called wordpress
CREATE DATABASE wordpress;
Create a database user called wordpressuser with a new password
CREATE USER 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';
Then grant the user full access to the database.
GRANT ALL ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;
Finally, save your changes and exit.
Step 5: Download WordPress Latest Release
To get WordPress latest release you will need to go to its official download page and get it from there… The link below is where to find WordPress latest archive versions…
Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see WordPress setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.
Then follow the on-screen instructions… Select the installation language then click Continue
You will need to know the following items before proceeding…. Use the database connection info you created above….
Table prefix (if you want to run more than one WordPress in a single database)
The wizard will use the database information to create a wp-config.php file in WordPress root folder….
If for any reason this automatic file creation doesn’t work, don’t worry… All this does is fill in the database information to a configuration file. You may also simply open wp-config-sample.php in a text editor, fill in your information, and save it as wp-config.php.
Next, type in the database connection info and click Submit
After that, click Run the installation button to have WordPress complete the setup…
Next, create the WordPress site name and the backend admin account…. then click Install WordPress
When you’re done, WordPress should be installed and ready to use…
Congratulation! You have successfully installed WordPress CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.04 and 18.10….