How to Install or Upgrade VMware Tools on Ubuntu

It’s very important that you install VMware Tools on the guest operating system. Whether the OS is Windows or Linux, installing VMware Tools within the guest machine improves the machine performance and enhances its graphic capabilities.

Other features that become available after installing VMware Tools are support for drag n’ drop and shared folder operations.

That’s why it’s highly recommended that after installing VMware guest operating systems you should also install the guest tools. This brief tutorial is going to show you how to do it in Ubuntu 16.10

Enabling VMware Tools with Ubuntu guest machine is not as easy as in Windows. With Windows systems, all one has to do it mount the virtual CD with the tools, run execute the executable.

The software installs and within seconds you’re done.

With Ubuntu, one must mount the virtual CD and copy and extract the content, then run the executable. Below are detailed steps of the process.

Step 1: Mount the Virtual CD on Ubuntu

Before you can install VMware Tools on the guest machine, you must first mount the Virtual CD with the tools. To do that, turn on and logon to the guest machine.. then from the host software menu, click VM –> Install VMware Tools as shown in the image below.

update vmware tool windows

Step 2: Installing VMware Tools on Ubuntu

After mounting the Virtual CD, you should see a new Virtual CD icon on Ubuntu launcher. While the Virtual CD is mounted, open the terminal, and run the commands below to first update the system.

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade && sudo apt-get autoremove

After updating the systems, run the commands below to copy the content of the Virtual CD to the tmp directory.

tar -xvf /media/$USER/"VMware Tools"/VMwareTools*.gz -C /tmp

Next, run the commands below to install VMware Tools with the default settings.

sudo /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib/ -d

To customize the installation, run the above command without the -d. The commands without the -d option allows you customize the installation by enabling newer and experimental features.

This is how to install VMware Tools on Ubuntu guest machine. Restart the guest machine and you’re done.

After restarting and some of VMware features are still not enabled or working, run the commands below to install the Open VM tools for Ubuntu.

sudo update
sudo apt-get install open-vm-tools-desktop

Restart again and this time all should work.


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