Install WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP 7.1

Since Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Beta was released, I have been messing with it and the steps below is how I got WordPress installed…

If you’re thinking about running a content management systems to power your websites and blogs, consider WordPress first… There are many other CMS systems out there, and few are very good, however, WordPress has more support, huge based and thousands of plugins and themes…

WordPress, the most powerful and popular content management systems (CMS) is the right tool to develop and build powerful and dynamic websites based on PHP…

With PHP 7.1 now supported, you can greatly improve its performance when configured with Apache2 HTTP Server… For those who are new and want to learn how to install WordPress on Ubuntu running Apache2 with PHP 7.1, the steps below should be a great starting point.

This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 LT with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP 7.1 support.

To get started with installing WordPress, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Apache2 HTTP Server

WordPress needs a web server and Apache2 is a lightweight and powerful HTTP Server. To install Apache2 on Ubuntu, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

WordPress also need a database server… and MariaDB database server is a great place to start. To install it run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service

Step 3: Install PHP 7.1 and Related Modules

PHP 7.1 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.1

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.1

sudo apt update

Finally, run the commands below to install PHP 7.1 and related modules..

sudo apt install php7.1 libapache2-mod-php7.1 php7.1-common php7.1-mbstring php7.1-xmlrpc php7.1-gd php7.1-xml php7.1-mysql php7.1-cli php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-zip php7.1-curl

After install PHP 7.1, run the commands below to open PHP-FPM default file.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.1/apache2/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Step 4: Create WordPress Database

Now that you’ve install all the packages that are required, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank WordPress database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called wpdb

CREATE DATABASE wpdb;

Create a database user called wpdbuser with new password

CREATE USER 'wpdbuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON wpdb.* TO 'wpdbuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download WordPress Latest Release

Next, visit WordPress site and download the latest version….

After downloading, run the commands below to extract the downloaded file and move it into a new WordPress root directory.

cd /tmp && wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
tar -zxvf latest.tar.gz
sudo mv wordpress /var/www/html/wordpress

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for WordPress to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/wordpress/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/wordpress/

Step 6: Configure Apache2 HTTP Server

Finally, configure Apache2 site configuration file for WordPress. This file will control how users access WordPress content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called wordpress.conf

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/wordpress.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin admin@example.com
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress/
     ServerName example.com
     ServerAlias www.example.com

     <Directory /var/www/html/wordpress/>
        Options +FollowSymlinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the WordPress and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below… the commands also disable PHP7.0 and enable PHP 7.1 for Apache2.

sudo a2ensite wordpress.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite

Step 8 : Restart Apache2

To load all the settings above, restart Apache2 by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

STEP 9: CONFIGURE WORDPRESS

Now that Apache2 is configured, run the commands below to create WordPress wp-config.php file.

sudo mv /var/www/html/wordpress/wp-config-sample.php /var/www/html/wordpress/wp-config.php

Then run the commands below to open WordPress configuration file.

sudo nano /var/www/html/wordpress/wp-config.php

Enter the highlighted text below that you created for your database and save.

// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define('DB_NAME', 'wpdb');

/** MySQL database username */
define('DB_USER', 'wpdbuser');

/** MySQL database password */
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'user_password_here');

/** MySQL hostname */
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');

/** Database Charset to use in creating database tables. */
define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');

/** The Database Collate type. Don't change this if in doubt. */
define('DB_COLLATE', '');

After that, open your browser and browse to your domain name to launch WordPress configuration wizard.

You should see WordPress setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com

wordpress ubuntu installation

Then type the WordPress website name and create a new admin user and password.. the click install.

WordPress install on ubuntu

This should install WordPress.

wordpress install ubuntu

Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed WordPress on Ubuntu.

You may also like the post below:

Install WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP-FPM

24 Replies to “Install WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP 7.1

  1. This is a great tutorial however can not get access to the domain. Get 404 error, cant find domain. Enter //localhost and get default Apache page. There is not reference to //localhost in your last instruction what to enter in browser. Can you give some ideas on what might be wrong? I did install wordpress in a similar way in Windows10 and works great but I am a linux user .

  2. no matter what url i configure and try, it cant be found on server

    The requested URL /crankyyank was not found on this server.
    Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu) Server at localhost Port 80

    1. Thanks for great instructions, get to the end though and I can’t load the URL of my domain, what am I doing wrong?!

    2. HI are you able to explain how you solved this I change the example.com name to mywp.local and the server name basically replaced all the example reference but i get the apache splash page

      1. fixed this by removing the index.html
        cd /var/www/html
        once you in the html directory do ls and you will see a file called index.html
        sudo rm index.html
        everything works except he left out this part that you have to remove this file.
        great working now

        1. when you go to the website is it (site.com/wordpress ) ? That is a problem I have had. I haven’t tried the instructions above so I don’t know.

  3. Thanks for posting this. I’ve had a hardest time trying to wordpress working. Your guide made enough sense for me to get it working

  4. This is a great article. Everything works a provided. You provide some of the best guidance on the Internet.

  5. Hey,
    In general great guide. However I end up just seeing the apache default page on
    localhost:80
    and just a a page from the web when I type in my example domain

  6. i want to my wordpress is open this url exmaple.com
    but i follow your tutorials.. not open my main domain
    i dont need this type exmaple.com/wordpress/

    i need direct example.com
    like this

    how solve problem

  7. I get to the end when I should be able to go to the address and finish setting up WordPress but all i get is the example domain. I tried to put in a domain name that I wanted to used but it gives me the cannot find the domain name. Can anyone help me?

  8. Crap guide as you missed one of the hardest things which is how to actually enable the wp apache config so it loads as the default page.

  9. It’s a really useful article but agree with other comments that it’s not clear about server/domain name instead of example.com. After couple of hours trying to solve it using localhost and http://localhost helped. I’m talking about this part:
    ServerName example.com
    ServerAlias http://www.example.com

  10. i must say your follow up is good, though i got stuck on that part that you left out on the privileges of the user ‘wpdbuser’
    i hard to grant the user with ..

    mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON yourdbname.* TO username’@’localhost’;
    then
    mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
    mysql> EXIT;

    and everything went on well….

  11. Excellent tutorial as always! Continue posting top quality articles. This tutorial along with this helped me wrap my head around the whole WordPress installation process.

  12. Great tutorial,

    but I had to add

    GRANT ALL ON wpdb.* TO ‘wpdbuser’@’%’ IDENT….

    in order to allow wp connect to the database

    Regards

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