Install SPIP CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP 7.2

SPIP CMS is a free, open source publishing platform built on PHP that encourages collaborative writing in a multilingual environments… You can use it to create a single page or multiple pages websites and blogs…

If you are looking for a solution to build dynamic and beautify websites, then SPIP CMS is a good place to start… It is built on an open source core with support for open standards, which might be very useful in helping you run your digital content…

This CMS platform is designed for ease of use to allow webmasters to collaborate and automate engaging experiences with users across multiple devices, including mobile…

For more about SPIP CMS, please check their Homepage

This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install SPIP CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 / 18.10 and 18.04 LTS…

To get started with installing SPIP CMS, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Apache2 HTTP Server

SPIP CMS requires a web server and Apache2 HTTP server is the most popular open source web server available today… To install Apache2 server, run the commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots…

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Now that Apache2 is installed…. to test whether the web server is working, open your browser and browse to the URL below…

http://localhost

Apache2 Test Page

If you see the page above, then Apache2 is successfully installed…

Step 2: Install MariaDB Database Server

SPIP CMS also requires a database server to store its content… If you’re looking for a truly open source database server, then MariaDB is a great place to start… To install MariaDB run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots…

Run these on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mysql.service
sudo systemctl start mysql.service
sudo systemctl enable mysql.service

Run these on Ubuntu 18.10 and 18.04 LTS

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Next, run the commands below to secure the database server with a root password if you were not prompted to do so during the installation…

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Now that MariaDB is installed, to test whether the database server was successfully installed, run the commands below…

sudo mysql -u root -p

type the root password when prompted…

mariadb welcome

If you see a similar screen as shown above, then the server was successfully installed…

Step 3: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

SPIP CMS is a PHP based CMS and PHP is required… However, PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… To run PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 and previous, you may need to run the commands below:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-mysql php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-gd php7.2-bcmath php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default configuration file for Apache2…

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

The lines below is a good settings for most PHP based CMS… Update the configuration file with these and save….

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Everytime you make changes to PHP configuration file, you should also restart Apache2 web server… To do so, run the commands below:

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Now that PHP is installed, to test whether it’s functioning, create a test file called phpinfo.php in Apache2 default root directory…. ( /var/www/html/)

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Next, open your browser and browse to the server’s hostname or IP address followed by phpinfo.php

http://localhost/phpinfo.php

You should see PHP default test page…

PHP Test Page

Step 4: Create SPIP CMS Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for SPIP CMS to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank SPIP CMS database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called spip

CREATE DATABASE spip;

Create a database user called spipuser with a new password

CREATE USER 'spipuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON spip.* TO 'spipuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download SPIP CMS Latest Release

To get SPIP CMS latest release you may want to its auto installer script… Run the commands below to download the script and run it to install SPIP CMS…

cd /tmp
wget wget https://files.spip.net/spip/stable/spip-3.2.zip
unzip spip-3.2.zip
sudo mv spip /var/www/html/spipcms

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for SPIP CMS root directory and give Apache2 control….

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/spipcms/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/spipcms/

Step 6: Configure Apache2

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for wityCMS. This file will control how users access SPIP CMS content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called spipcms.conf

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/spipcms.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin admin@example.com
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/spipcms
     ServerName example.com
     ServerAlias www.example.com

     <Directory /var/www/html/spipcms>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
    
     <Directory /var/www/html/spipcms/>
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteBase /
            RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
            RewriteRule ^(.*) index.php [PT,L]
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the wityCMS and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo a2ensite spipcms.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see SPIP CMS setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com/ecrire/

Then follow the on-screen instruction…  Choose the installation language and click Next to continue

SPIP Ubuntu Install

On the database connection page, type in the database user name and password you crated above and continue…

SPIP Ubuntu Install

Choose the database created above and continue

SPIP Ubuntu Install

After that, create an admin account and continue

SPIP Ubuntu Install

That should install your site…

SPIP Ubuntu Install

Enjoy~

Congratulation! You have successfully installed SPIP CMS on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10….

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