Install NextCloud on Ubuntu 17.04 / 17.10 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP

This post shows you how to install NextCloud on Ubuntu 17.04 / 17.10 with Nginx, MariaDB and PHP support. NextCloud is a fork of OwnCloud. Like DropBox and other cloud storage services, NextCloud and OwnCloud provide similar functions and unlike the others, they both are free to use.

Both are open source software that enable private cloud services on users’ own servers. OwnCloud and NextCloud are self-hosted file sync and share app platforms and with them you can access & sync your files, contacts and data across your devices.

This brief tutorial shows students and new users steps to install and configure NextCloud on Ubuntu 17.04 / 17.10 Servers their own environment.

To get started with installing NextCloud, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx

NextCloud requires a webserver to function and the most popular webserver in used today is Nginx. So, go and install Nginx on Ubuntu by running the commands below:

sudo apt install nginx

Next, run the commands below to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Step 2: Install MariaDB

NextCloud also requires a database server to function.. and MariaDB database server is a great place to start. To install it run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service

Step 3: Install PHP-FPM and Related Modules

NextCloud also requires PHP to function. To install PHP and related modules run the commands below

sudo apt install php-fpm php-mbstring php-xmlrpc php-soap php-apcu php-smbclient php-ldap php-redis php-gd php-xml php-intl php-json php-imagick php-mysql php-cli php-mcrypt php-ldap php-zip php-curl

Step 4: Create NextCloud Database

Now that you’ve install all the packages that are required, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create NextCloud database.

Run the commands below to logon to the database server. When prompted for a password, type the root password you created above.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called nextcloud

CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;

Create a database user called nextclouduser with new password

CREATE USER 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download NextCloud Latest Release

Next, visit NextCloud site to download your free copy by running the commands below.

After downloading, run the commands below to extract the downloaded file into Nginx root directory.

cd /tmp && wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-11.0.1.zip
unzip nextcloud-11.0.1.zip
sudo mv nextcloud /var/www/html/nextcloud/

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for NextCloud to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/nextcloud/

Step 6: Configure Nginx

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for NextCloud. This file will control how users access NextCloud content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called nextcloud

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/nextcloud

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    root /var/www/html/nextcloud;
    index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    server_name  example.com www.example.com;

    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
        return 404;
    }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        return 404;
    }

    location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
        fastcgi_pass      unix:/var/run/php/php7.1-fpm.sock; # Ubuntu 17.10
    #   fastcgi_pass      unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock; # Ubuntu 17.04
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }


    location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }

    location ~* \.(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        access_log off;
    }

}

Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the NextCloud

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/nextcloud /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Step 8 : Restart Nginx

To load all the settings above, restart Nginx by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name followed by install. You should see NextCloud setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com

You should then see NextCloud setup page.. Connect to the database using the information you created and continue. Select the database server installed on your systems by clicking it as shown in the image below

nextcloud ubuntu installation

 

Click Finish setup and you’re done.

Enjoy!

nextcloud ubuntu setup

 

Congratulations! You have successfully installed NextCloud on Ubuntu `17.04 / 17.10

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