Install NextCloud on Ubuntu 17.04 | 17.10 with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP

We recently showed students and new users how to install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 17.04 | 17.10 servers. You can read that post here.

This post shows you how to install NextCloud on Ubuntu 17.04 | 17.10 with Apache2, MariaDB and PHP support. NextCloud is a fork of OwnCloud. Like DropBox and other cloud storage services, NextCloud and OwnCloud provide similar functions and unlike the others, they both are free to use.

Both are open source software that enable private cloud services on users’ own servers. OwnCloud and NextCloud are self-hosted file sync and share app platforms and with them you can access & sync your files, contacts and data across your devices.

This brief tutorial shows students and new users steps to install and configure NextCloud on Ubuntu 17.04 | 17.10 Servers their own environment.

To get started with installing NextCloud, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Apache2

NextCloud requires a webserver to function and the most popular webserver in use today is Apache2. So, go and install Apache2 on Ubuntu by running the commands below:

sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, run the commands below to disable directory listing.

sudo sed -i "s/Options Indexes FollowSymLinks/Options FollowSymLinks/" /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

Next, run the commands below to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Step 2: Install MariaDB

NextCloud also requires a database server to function.. and MariaDB database server is a great place to start. To install it run the commands below.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB server

sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service

Step 3: Install PHP and Related Modules

NextCloud also requires PHP to function. To install PHP and related modules run the commands below

sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-common libapache2-mod-php php-mbstring php-xmlrpc php-soap php-apcu php-smbclient php-ldap php-redis php-gd php-xml php-intl php-json php-imagick php-mysql php-cli php-mcrypt php-ldap php-zip php-curl

Step 4: Create NextCloud Database

Now that you’ve install all the packages that are required, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create NextCloud database.

Run the commands below to logon to the database server. When prompted for a password, type the root password you created above.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called nextcloud


Create a database user called nextclouduser with new password

CREATE USER 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.


Step 5: Download NextCloud Latest Release

Next, visit NextCloud site to download your free copy. The community edition is what you’ll want to download.

After downloading, run the commands below to extract the download file into Apache2 root directory.

cd /tmp && wget
sudo mv nextcloud /var/www/html/nextcloud/

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for NextCloud to function.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/nextcloud/

Step 6: Configure Apache2

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for NextCloud. This file will control how users access NextCloud content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called nextcloud.conf

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin [email protected]
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/nextcloud/
     Alias /nextcloud "/var/www/html/nextcloud/"

     <Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud/>
        Options +FollowSymlinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
          <IfModule mod_dav.c>
            Dav off
        SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
        SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined


Save the file and exit.

Step 7: Enable the NextCloud and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo a2ensite nextcloud.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2enmod headers
sudo a2enmod env
sudo a2enmod dir
sudo a2enmod mime

Step 8 : Restart Apache2

To load all the settings above, restart Apache2 by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name followed by install. You should see OwnCloud setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

You should then see NextCloud setup page.. Connect to the database using the information you created and continue. Select the database server installed on your systems by clicking it as shown in the image below

nextcloud ubuntu installation

Click Finish setup and you’re done.


nextcloud ubuntu setup

Congratulations! You have successfully installed OwnCloud on Ubuntu `17.04 | 17.10

You may also like the post below:


  1. Herman Felderhof

    Thank you for the excellent instructions, I was able to install Nextcloud in my Ubuntu MATE 17:10 almost perfectly, and I am enjoying the benefits of Nextcloud now. This is the best instructions I could find for installing Nextcloud. There is one thing I would like to let you know about though. I ended up getting stuck with security warnings about leaving the data in /var/www/html/nextcloud/data which seems to be the default. Apparently it can be accessed from the internet when we leave it there. Before the Nextcould setup page we should create a data directory somewhere else and chown it and chmod it to www-data, then enter the filepath for that in the ‘data folder’ field in the Nextcloud setup page. I created a directory in /home beside my /home/username directory and it seems to be working fine now. The security message I was getting was “Your data directory and your files are probably accessible from the Internet. The .htaccess file is not working. It is strongly recommended that you configure your web server in a way that the data directory is no longer accessible or you move the data directory outside the web server document root.” Thank you, regards from Herman

  2. Thank you for this post, after OwnCloud crash I have decided to give NextCloud a shot. I feel it might be superior and more polished.

  3. David Aslan French

    This is a very easy to follow guide but I’m getting stuck at the Apache configuration section in nano.

    1) If I don’t have a domain name yet, what do I do? I’ve seen tutorials that use the IP address but I’m not sure how to do that here.

    2) I do have a domain name for my portfolio website which is on a shared host. Can I create a subdomain and use that? How would I do that?

  4. Hi Thanks for the post – I’ve started using it but hit a problem: php-mcrypt is failing to install. It appears to be deprecated.
    I am installing on Ubuntu 18.04 but hitting this problem with not being able to install php-mcrypt.
    NC shows an install of php 7.1. I am going to go with that.
    Perhaps you need to ammend the post to force a 7.1 php version (to align with NC’s documentation)?
    Thanks for the ‘how-to’ – I just wanted to flag my issue.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.