Tor is free software and an open network that hide your online activities by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world.
It’s a secure and private way to browse online without providing your traffic analysis and protecting your personal freedom and privacy. If you want to use the Tor distributed networks, you’ll need a Tor browser.
This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install Tor browser on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 to use the Tor networks.
For more about Tor, check the Tor project page.When you’re ready to install Tor browser on Ubuntu, follow the steps below:
Step 1: Install Official Tor Apt repository
The easiest way to install Tor browser is via its official repository. To do that on Ubuntu, run the commands below to create a new repository file called tor.list file in the Apt directory.
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/tor.list
Then copy and paste the lines below into the file and save.
deb https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org bionic main deb-src https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org bionic main
Save the file and exit.
After that, run the commands below to download, then import the repository PGP key to Ubuntu.
curl https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org/A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89.asc | sudo gpg --import gpg --export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | sudo apt-key add -
After that, continue below to install Tor browser.
Step 2: Install Tor Browser
Now that Tor’s repository and key installed on Ubuntu, run the commands below to update and refresh Ubuntu apt package list, then install Tor browser.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install tor deb.torproject.org-keyring torbrowser-launcher
That should install the browser and launcher.
To start the browser, run the command below:
Or go to the Activities Overview and search for Tor, then launch the browser and start browsing privately. When you launch it the first time, it will automatically download packages and tools.
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