This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install VirtualBox virtualization software on Ubuntu 20.04 | 18.04.
VirtualBox is a cross-platform virtualization software that allows you to run multiple guest machines (virtual machines) simultaneously on a single host computer.
For example, in the past if you wanted to install five separate operating systems, you’ll need five computers each hosting a single OS.
With VirtualBox and similar virtualization software, you can use a single computer as a host computer. Then within the virtualization software, you can create multiple independent guest computers, each running its own operating system.
For more about VirtualBox, check its homepage.
VirtualBox software packages are available in Ubuntu multiverse repository. However, the packages in there might not be the latest versions.
To install or Upgrade to VirtualBox latest software on Ubuntu, do the steps below:
Step 1: Add VirtualBox Repository
If you want to always get the latest versions of VirtualBox when they become available, you’ll want to add its software repository to Ubuntu.
Run the commands below to add the repository key to your system.
wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add - wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
After adding the repository key above, run the commands below to add VirtualBox package repository.
sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -cs) contrib"
If you get an error message saying:
add-apt-repository command not found
Install the software-properties-common package and try again.
After that, continue below to install VirtualBox.
Step 2: Installing VirtualBox
At this point, the Ubuntu system should be ready to install the latest version of VirtualBox.
At the time of this writing, the latest version of VirtualBox is at 6.1
To install the current latest, run the commands below:
sudo apt update sudo apt-get install virtualbox-6.1
After installing, go and lunch the app by going to the Activities overview and searching for it… and opening it…
Step 3: Install VirtualBox Extension Pack
After installing VirtualBox, go and install its extension pack.
The extension pack provides useful enhancements to the platform, including support for USB 2.0 | 3.0 devices, RDP, encryption and many more.
Open your browser and browse to the link below, then select the All supported platforms.
When prompted, select to open with Oracle VM VirtualBox (default)
Then click Install
Scroll down and accept the licensing terms and complete the installation…. when you’re done… you should have the latest version of VirtualBox installed after running the above commands… Now go to search for the package and launch it.
You have successfully installed VirtualBox virtualization software on Ubuntu 20.04 | 18.04. If you find any error above, please use the comment form below to report.
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