This post shows students and new users how to download and install Ubuntu Linux on their desktop or laptop computers. Ubuntu is an open source Linux operating systems that runs on desktops, laptops, server and other devices.
Ubuntu Linux comes in two support flavors: Long Term Support (LTS) and Short Term Support (STS). Ubuntu LTS versions are typically supported for five ( 5 ) years, while the STS versions are supported for roughly 9 months.
Students and new users will find that the easiest place to start learning Linux is on Ubuntu Linux OS. It’s a great Linux operating system for beginners.
While learning Ubuntu, you will also find out that Linux isn’t so different than Windows and other operating systems in so many ways, especially when it comes to using the system to get work done.
Ubuntu Linux is a great operating system students and users who want to try something new.
To get started with installing Ubuntu Linux, follow the steps below:
How to download Ubuntu ISO image
The latest versions of Ubuntu Linux come only in 64-bit so you’ll need a computer that supports that architecture. You’ll also want a computer or laptop that can boot from a CD/DVD or flash drive as you’re going to be downloading the ISO image only.
There may be other means to get a physical disc or flash drive, but you may have to purchase it.
With your computer ready, go and download Ubuntu Linux ISO image from the link below, if you don’t have a physical media, then burn the image onto a DVD disc or flash drive.
When using a Windows machines, you may right-click the ISO image and select Burn disc image as shown in the image below.
Then choose the DVD drive with a blank DVD disc to burn to.
To burn to a Flash Drive, you may have to take a different path. There are programs that should be able to help you do that.
After burning the image, transfer the DVD or Flash Drive to the computer you want to install Ubuntu on.
How to boot Ubuntu ISO disc to install
Now that the image is onto a DVD / Flash Drive, insert into the new computer and boot from it. Different computers have different ways of specifying where to boot from, find yours. Most likely pressing a key when you turn your computer on. Esc, F2, F9, F12 , etc.
When the computer is booted from the DVD disc or Flash Drive, you should see similar screen below.
Click the Install Ubuntu button to begin the installation. You could Try Ubuntu without making changes to your computer, but our goal is to install Ubuntu, so click Install Ubuntu to continue.
Next, select your Keyboard layout. Ubuntu installation picks US English Keyboard layout by default. This is a good place to change it if it’s not your default. Click Continue to move on with the installation.
The installation should be preparing to install Ubuntu packages. On the screen below, you’re given an option to Download updates while installing Ubuntu which saves time after the installation. and to install third-party software for graphics WiFi devices and media codes.
You do not have to select these boxes. However, if you have a stable and reliable Internet connection, you may want to select these options to download important packages while Ubuntu is being installed.
On this screen is where you select the installation type. The first option to Erase disk and install Ubuntu is the easiest of them. This options deletes everything on the hard drive and install Ubuntu on it.
Option #2 Something else — is to perform a custom installation for advanced users.
You can choose to encrypt Ubuntu and use other advanced settings but for new users and students, select the first option to [ Erase disk and install Ubuntu ] and continue.
Click Install Now to begin installing Ubuntu.
Accept that the installation will erase the hard drive and install Ubuntu on it. click Continue to move on.
On this screen is where you choose your time zone. Type a city name you live in and click Continue.
The next screen is where you type the first user account and create a name for the computer. Type your name, your username and password and choose whether you want to type a password to sign in always. When you’re done, click Continue.
Wait for the installation to complete. this should take about 7 mins depending on the speed of the computer. When the installation is done, you’ll be prompted to restart.
This is the last screen and the installation is complete. All you have to do is restart your computer, remove the disc from the drive and log back in.
You’ll be prompted with the login screen after rebooting. Login with the credential created above.
You will have an opportunity to setup online accounts if you have any.
After logging back into Ubuntu, your first task should be to update Ubuntu. After logging back in, you may see a prompt to install updates that are available.
If you done see a prompt, continue below update from the command line.
Press Ctrl - Alt - T on your keyboard open the terminal. Then run the commands below to update Ubuntu.
sudo apt update && sudo apt dist-upgrade && sudo apt autoremove
Restart once more and you should be set.
This post showed you how to install Ubuntu Linux. If you find any error above or have something to add, please use the comment form below.