LAMP is an acronym for Linux (Ubuntu), Apache2 HTTP Server, MariaDB or MySQL Database Server and PHP Scripting Language… It is a group of open source software and building block of many of the web applications and majoriy of the content management systems (CMS) in use today…
Content Management Systems like WordPress, Joomla, Drupal and others, they all use the LAMP Stack…
If you’re going to be developing any PHP based applications or websites, then you’re probably going to be using the LAMP Stack as well…
This brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install Apache2, MariaDB and PHP on Ubuntu Linux 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10 servers…
To get started with installing the LAMP Stack, follow the steps below:
Step 1: Prepare Ubuntu Linux
The LAMP stack includes the Linux machine… in this case, Ubuntu… To get LAMP you must first install a Linux machine… this post assumes you’ve already install Ubuntu server..
After installing Ubuntu server, run the commands below to update the server…
sudo apt update && sudo apt dist-upgrade && sudo apt autoremove
Step 2: Install Apache2 HTTP Server
Apache2 HTTP Server represents the A in the LAMP stack… It’s the most popular web server installed today… way ahead of other popular web servers…
To install Apache2 HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below…
sudo apt update sudo apt install apache2
After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.
sudo systemctl stop apache2.service sudo systemctl start apache2.service sudo systemctl enable apache2.service
To test Apache2 setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Apache2 default test page as shown below.. When you see that, then Apache2 is working as expected..
Step 3: Install MariaDB Database Server
MariaDB stands for M in LAMP and it’s a great place to start when looking at open source database server… Although MySQL was originally the default database server among Linux systems, MariaDB has taken over.. To install it run the commands below.
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client
After installing MariaDB database server, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots..
On Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
sudo systemctl stop mysql.service sudo systemctl start mysql.service sudo systemctl enable mysql.service
On Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and 18.10
sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service sudo systemctl start mariadb.service sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.
When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.
- Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
- Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
- New password: Enter password
- Re-enter new password: Repeat password
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]: Y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]: Y
Restart MariaDB server
To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon to MariaDB server
sudo mysql -u root -p
Then type the password you created above to sign on… if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message
Step 4: Install PHP and Related Modules
The last component of the LAMP stack is PHP… It’s the P in the LAMP stack… To install PHP and related PHP modules, run the commands below…
sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-common php-mbstring php-xmlrpc php-soap php-gd php-xml php-intl php-mysql php-cli php-zip php-curl
After installing PHP, run the commands below to find the version installed on the server…
You should see an output like the one below:
PHP 7.2.10-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 (cli) (built: Sep 13 2018 13:45:02) ( NTS ) Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies with Zend OPcache v7.2.10-0ubuntu0.18.04.1, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies
The version number determines the location of PHP default configuration file… For PHP 7.2, the location is as shown below:
sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini
Replace the version number above with the version of PHP installed..,..
When the file opens, make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.
file_uploads = On allow_url_fopen = On memory_limit = 256M upload_max_filesize = 100M max_execution_time = 360 date.timezone = America/Chicago
After making the change above, save the file and close out.
Step 4: Restart Apache2
When you’re done making PHP changes above, run the commands below to restart Apache2 HTTP server for PHP settings to apply…
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service
To test PHP settings with Apache2, create a phpinfo.php file in Apache2 root directory by running the commands below
sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php
Then type the content below and save the file.
<?php phpinfo( ); ?>
Save the file.. then browse to your server hostname followed by phpinfo.php
You should see PHP default test page…
Congratulations! You’re successfully installed the LAMP Stack on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 | 18.10…
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