How to Install Respond CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 with Apache2

This brief tutorial shows you how to install Respond CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04 with Apache2 HTTP Server.

Respond is an open-source, white-label, flat-file, multi-site, incredibly fast CMS that offers features that may not be available to other PHP based content management systems, like WordPress, Joomla and Drupal.

Out of the box, Respond comes with 5 starter themes that give you a great starting point for your site. It comes with great features and a beautiful, easy-to-use visual editor that allows you to edit content right on the page.

When you use Composer to install Respond packages, you can easily upgrade from the command line with Composer, which is much simpler…

Respond also has a built-in tool that allows webmasters to manage different modules and and features of the platform.

For more about Respond CMS, please check its homepage.

To get started with installing Respond, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Apache2 HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Apache2 HTTP Server is the most popular web server in use… so install it since Respond needs it..

To install Apache2 HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below…

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

To test Apache2 setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Apache2 default test page as shown below.. When you see that, then Apache2 is working as expected..

http://localhost
apache2 ubuntu install

Step 2: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories… in order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-gmp php7.2-curl php7.2-intl php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-mysql php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Apache2…

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
max_input_vars = 1500
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and close out.

Step 3: Restart Apache2

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Apache2 to reload PHP configurations…

To restart Apache2, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

To test PHP 7.2 settings with Apache2, create a phpinfo.php file in Apache2 root directory by running the commands below

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Save the file.. then browse to your server hostname followed by /phpinfo.php

http://localhost/phpinfo.php

You should see PHP default test page…

PHP 7.2 ubuntu nginx

Step 4: Download Respond Latest Release

To get Respond latest release you may want to use Github repository… Install Composer, Curl and other dependencies to get started…

sudo apt install curl git
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_10.x | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt install nodejs

After installing curl and Composer above, create a new home directory for Respond CMS. Then change into the new directory and download Respond packages from Github…

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/respond/app
cd /var/www/respond/app
sudo git clone https://github.com/madoublet/respond .
sudo npm install
sudo npm install -g gulp
sudo composer install --prefer-dist --no-dev
sudo gulp

Make the folders that store the sites public and private data. To do that, run the commands below to set the correct permissions for Respond to function.

cd /var/www/respond/app
sudo mkdir -p public/sites
sudo mkdir -p resources/sites
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data public/sites
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data resources/sites
sudo chmod -R 755 public/sites
sudo chmod -R 755 resources/sites

Next, copy the .env.example file in the app directory and create a new one called .env by running the commands below

sudo cp .env.example .env

The environment file contains various settings for your site. It can be configured later after installing the CMS platform, but make sure to configure it before going live with your sites.

Step 6: Configure Apache2

Finally, configure Apahce2 site configuration file for Respond… This file will control how users access Respond content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called respond.conf

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/respond.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin admin@example.com
     DocumentRoot /var/www/respond/app/public
     ServerName example.com
     ServerAlias www.example.com

     <Directory /var/www/respond/app/public/>
        Options +FollowSymlinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Save the file and exit.

Step 5: Enable the Respond and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

sudo a2ensite respond.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Then open your browser and browse to the server domain name. You should see Respond setup wizard to complete. Please follow the wizard carefully.

http://example.com/.
Respond CMS Ubuntu

You can start by creating your first site. To find your passcode, look in the .env file.

Respond CMS Ubuntu

Enjoy!

Respond CMS Ubuntu

Congratulations… you’ve just successfully installed Respond CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 | 16.04…

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