This post shows students and new users steps to install Nginx HTTP server on Google Cloud server running Ubuntu Linux. If you want run a website online, you’ll need a web server. Nginx is one of the most popular open source servers in use today, and a great web server to use to run websites online.
This is the fourth post in this series which can be used as a beginner’s guide to learn how to create a website domain, set up a Google Cloud server with Ubuntu Linux and install software and packages to build and run a website online.
In this series:
- How to create a website domain
- How to set up a Google Cloud server with Ubuntu Linux
- How to install Apache on Google Cloud server (alternative to Nginx)
Now that you’ve learned how to create a website domain and set up a Google Cloud server, this post shows you how to install Nginx HTTP web server.
A web server allows content to be published and served to web clients and your audience browsing your website.
In our first post, we mentioned that after you create a domain name, it can’t be used until forwarded or pointed to a server. In the second post, we showed you how to point a domain to a server we created.
At this point, we’re ready to connect to our Google Cloud server and begin installing software and packages that will be used to run a website online.
How to connect to Google Cloud server
Google Cloud server (Compute Engine) allows users to connect using SSH from the browser window to their virtual machine (VM) instance from within the Google Cloud Console.
SSH from the browser supports the following:
- Web browsers
- Latest version of Google Chrome
- Microsoft Edge
- Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 and later
- Safari 8 and later. Note that Safari in private browser mode is not supported.
- Virtual machine configurations
- All Linux VM images that are natively available in Google Cloud.
No additional software or browser extensions needed. Simply login to Google Cloud Console, and go to Menu ==> Compute Engine ==> VM instances.
In the list of virtual machine instances, click SSH in the row of the instance that you want to connect to.
Alternatively, you can open an SSH connection to an instance by clicking its name and clicking SSH from the instance details page.
A SSH terminal window will open with the Ubuntu Linux instance that was created in the second posts of the series.
You should now be able to run commands in Ubuntu Linux created on Google Cloud server.
How to install Nginx on Ubuntu Linux on Google Cloud Server
Installing Nginx on Ubuntu Linux is no different, whether on Google Cloud or on a local VM instance.
Nginx packages are available in Ubuntu default repositories. One can simply use the apt get commands to download and install Nginx HTTP server on Ubuntu Linux.
A detailed post and help on how to install Nginx on Ubuntu Linux is at the link below. Click on it to learn more about installing and managing Nginx HTTP server on Ubuntu Linux.
With Nginx web server installed, your domain name should now be able to bring up a default Nginx help page when any browse your domain name.
Go and type you domain name in your browser, and you should see an example page similar to the one below:
As you can see, your server hosted on Google Cloud is now resolving your domain name and server content with Nginx HTTP web server.
We’ll continue to add other servers and software in order for you to run a functional website online.
This post showed you how to Nginx HTTP web server on Ubuntu Linux in Google Cloud. If you find any error above or have something to add, please use the comment form below.