This post shows students and new users steps to install the LEMP stack on Google Cloud servers running Ubuntu Linux. We have gone through series of posts starting with registering a domain name, setting up a Google Cloud server and installing software and packages to help us build a functional LEMP based websites and applications.
We’re now ready to install the LEMP stack which is used to build many of the most popular websites and apps online today.
LEMP (Linux, Engine-x, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python) is an acronym for a common solution stack that powers many useful and popular website and apps online today. The LEMP stack is mostly use as a building block for majority of the content management systems (CMS) as well, including WordPress, Drupal and Joomla.
This post is part of a series which can be used as a beginner’s guide to learn how to create a website domain, set up a Google Cloud server with Ubuntu Linux and install software and packages to run websites and apps built on LEMP.
In this series:
- How to create a website domain
- How to set up a Google Cloud server with Ubuntu Linux
- How to install Apache on Google Cloud server (alternative to Nginx)
- How to install Nginx on Google Cloud server (alternative to Apache)
- How to install PHP on Google Cloud server
- How to install MySQL or MariaDB database server
Now that you’ve learned how to create a website domain, set up a Google Cloud server, installed Apache, Nginx, PHP and MySQL or MariaDB, you can continue below to tie all together with any platform that uses the LEMP stack.
When we started this series, we said a web server allows content to be published and served to web clients and audience browsing your website. A PHP or server-side scripting language allows for dynamic and more functional website. A database server allows you to store your website content efficiently.
Other software and packages may also be needed to enhance the functionality of a website. Below, we’ll show you how to install these tools with LEMP based websites and applications.
In our first post, we also said that after you create a domain name, it can’t be used until forwarded or pointed to a server. In the second post, we showed you how to point a domain to a server we created. Then we showed you how to install software and packages to help us run a website online.
At this point, we’re ready to connect to our Google Cloud server and install LEMP by tying software and packages installed in our previous posts.
How to connect to Google Cloud servers
Google Cloud server (Compute Engine) allows users to connect using SSH from the browser window to their virtual machine (VM) instance from within the Google Cloud Console.
SSH from the browser supports the following:
- Web browsers
- Latest version of Google Chrome
- Microsoft Edge
- Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 and later
- Safari 8 and later. Note that Safari in private browser mode is not supported.
- Virtual machine configurations
- All Linux VM images that are natively available in Google Cloud.
No additional software or browser extensions needed. Simply login to Google Cloud Console, and go to Menu ==> Compute Engine ==> VM instances.
In the list of virtual machine instances, click SSH in the row of the instance that you want to connect to.
Alternatively, you can open an SSH connection to an instance by clicking its name and clicking SSH from the instance details page.
A SSH terminal window will open with the Ubuntu Linux instance that was created in the second posts of the series.
You should now be able to run commands in Ubuntu Linux created on Google Cloud server.
How to install the LEMP stack on Google Cloud Servers
Installing and managing the LEMP stack on Ubuntu Linux is no different, whether on Google Cloud servers or on a local VM instance.
In fact, all the previous posts above are related to installing LEMP, except for installing Apache. LEMP is Linux (Ubuntu), Engine-x, MySQL or MariaDB and PHP.
Once you installed all required packages, you should be able to access the LEMP stack from your browser by browsing to the server hostname or IP address.
A detailed post and help on how to install the LEMP stack on Ubuntu Linux is at the link below. Use this link to learn more about LEMP.
That should do it!
This post showed you how to install the LEMP stack on Ubuntu Linux in Google Cloud. If you find any error above or have something to add, please use the comment form below.