How to Install Apache Maven on Ubuntu Linux

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This post shows students and new users how to install Apache Maven on Ubuntu Linux. Apache Maven is an open source, software project management and comprehension tool.

Based on the concept of a project object model (POM), Maven can help you manage an entire project build process, including storing documents, reporting and more.

To install Apache Maven on Ubuntu is pretty easy and straightforward. In fact, Maven packages are in Ubuntu default repositories. One can run the apt get commands to install it with ease.

However, the versions in Ubuntu repositories may not necessarily be the latest. If you want to install the latest, you may have to download and install yourself.

Also, for students and new users learning Linux, the easiest place to start learning is on Ubuntu Linux. Ubuntu is the modern, open source Linux operating system for desktop, servers and other devices.

Below are the two options of installing Apache Maven on Ubuntu Linux. Either one should work fine, however, if you want to install the latest version, then option #2 (manually downloading) Maven should be the one you want.

How to install Apache Maven with apt on Ubuntu Linux

As mentioned above, Apache Maven is available in Ubuntu default repositories. To install a stable version on Ubuntu Linux, run the commands below.

This command will install OpenJDK along with Maven stable version.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install maven

The commands above update Ubuntu package index and install Apache Maven along with all dependencies, including OpenJDK. This is the fastest and easiest if you don’t care about getting the latest version of Apache Maven.

To verify the installed version, run the commands below

mvn --version

You should see something similar to the content below:

Apache Maven 3.5.2
Maven home: /usr/share/maven
Java version: 10.0.2, vendor: Oracle Corporation
Java home: /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "linux", version: "4.15.0-36-generic", arch: "amd64", family: "unix"

How to download and install Maven on Ubuntu Linux

If you want to download the latest or a particular version, then download Maven and install yourself. You’ll first need to install OpenJDK, then install and configure Apache Maven to use it.

Run the commands below to install OpenJDK on Ubuntu Linux. This will install the current stable version of OpenJDK for Ubuntu Linux.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install default-jdk

After installing OpenJDK, continue below to get Maven installed and configured.

At the time of writing this post, the latest version of Apache Maven is 3.8.3. Make sure to check the Maven download page to see if a newer version is available for you to download. If there are, select those and download instead.

Run the commands below to download version 3.8.3

cd /tmp
wget https://dlcdn.apache.org/maven/maven-3/3.8.3/binaries/apache-maven-3.8.3-bin.tar.gz

Next, run the commands below to extract the downloaded package to the /opt directory.

sudo tar xf /tmp/apache-maven-*.tar.gz -C /opt

If you want to have separate versions and update as they become available, create a symbolic link to the version folder. Run the commands below to link version 3.8.3 to the Maven home folder in /opt/maven.

sudo ln -s /opt/apache-maven-3.8.3 /opt/maven

When the next version is released. all you have to do is update the symbolic link to reference the new release folder by running the command above and updating the release number in the folder name.

Setup Maven Environment Variables

After downloading and extracting Maven package, go and setup its environment variables. To do that, run the commands below:

sudo nano /etc/profile.d/maven.sh

Then copy and pastes the lines below and save into the file.

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-java
export M2_HOME=/opt/maven
export MAVEN_HOME=/opt/maven
export PATH=${M2_HOME}/bin:${PATH}

Finally, run the commands below to update and load the changes.

sudo chmod +x /etc/profile.d/maven.sh
source /etc/profile.d/maven.sh

That should do it! Now run the commands below to check the version number.

mvn --version

You should see the content below.

Apache Maven 3.8.3 (ff8e977a158738155dc465c6a97ffaf31982d739)
Maven home: /opt/maven
Java version: 11.0.11, vendor: Ubuntu, runtime: /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "linux", version: "5.11.0-37-generic", arch: "amd64", family: "unix"

Conclusion:

This post showed you how to install Apache Maven on Ubuntu Linux. If you find any error above or have something to add, please use the comment form below.

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