How to Install Ampache on Ubuntu with Nginx

This brief tutorial shows students and new users how to install Ampache on Ubuntu 20.04 | 18.04 with Nginx web server.

Ampache is a free, open source web based audio/video streaming application. It works like a file manager and allows anyone to stream and access their music and videos from anywhere around the world with Internet access.

With Ampache you can browse and manage your music collection, listen to your music and watch your videos from any device from a simple web interface.

Whether you’re a small one-person DJ or independent music streaming company, Ampache software has features that can help you broadcast your music to your fans directly from the internet for free.

To get started with installing Ampache on Ubuntu, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Install Nginx

Nginx HTTP Server is probably the second most popular web server in use today. Go and install Nginx since Ampache will need it to stream content over the Internet.

To install Nginx HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

After installing Nginx, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Nginx service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

To test Nginx setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Nginx default test page as shown below.

http://localhost
nginx default home page test

Step 2: Install MariaDB

MariaDB database server is a great place to start when looking at open source database servers to use with Ampache. Ampache uses a database to store its audio/video content.

To install MariaDB run the commands below.

sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

After that, run the commands below to secure MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

  • Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
  • Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
  • New password: Enter password
  • Re-enter new password: Repeat password
  • Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

To test if MariaDB is installed, type the commands below to logon to MariaDB server

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to sign on… if successful, you should see MariaDB welcome message

mariadb welcome

Step 3: Install PHP 7.4-FPM

PHP 7.4-FPM may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories. In order to install it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.4-FPM

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.4-FPM

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2-FPM and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.4-fpm php7.4-common php7.4-curl php7.4-mbstring php7.4-xmlrpc php7.4-mysql php7.4-gd php7.4-xml php7.4-cli php7.4-zip

After installing PHP 7.4-FPM, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Nginx.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below are great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
short_open_tag = On
memory_limit = 256M
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

Step 4: Create Ampache Database

Now that you’ve installed all the packages that are required for Ampache to function, continue below to start configuring the servers. First run the commands below to create a blank Ampache database.

To logon to MariaDB database server, run the commands below.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then create a database called ampache

CREATE DATABASE ampache;

Create a database user called ampacheuser with new password

CREATE USER 'ampacheuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON ampache.* TO 'ampacheuser'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5: Download and Install Ampache

Download Ampache package from its download page. You can simply run the commands below to create a Ampache directory, extract the content into the directory its home directory.

cd /tmp
wget https://github.com/ampache/ampache/releases/download/4.1.1/ampache-4.1.1_all.zip
sudo unzip ampache-4.1.1_all.zip -d /var/www/ampache

Next, run the commands below to change the root folder permissions.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/ampache/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/ampache/

Step 6: Configure Ampache Site

Next, configure Nginx virtual host for Ampache site. This file will control how users access Ampache content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called ampache.conf

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/ampache.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    server_name  example.com www.example.com;
    root   /var/www/ampache;
    index  index.php;
    
    access_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.error.log;

    client_max_body_size 100M;
  
    autoindex off;

#Rewrite rule for Subsonic backend
if ( !-d $request_filename ) {
    rewrite ^/rest/(.*).view$ /rest/index.php?action=$1 last;     
    rewrite ^/rest/fake/(.+)$ /play/$1 last;
     } 

# Rewrite rule for Channels 
    if (!-d $request_filename){
    rewrite ^/channel/([0-9]+)/(.*)$ /channel/index.php?channel=$1&target=$2 last; 
    }

#Rewrite rule for Channels
 if (!-d $request_filename){
   rewrite ^/channel/([0-9]+)/(.*)$ /channel/index.php?channel=$1&target=$2 last;
    }

location /rest {
       limit_except GET POST {
          deny all;
         }
   }

 location ^~ /bin/ {
       deny all;
       return 403;
       }

 location ^~ /config/ {
       deny all;
       return 403;
    }

 location / {
       limit_except GET POST HEAD{
          deny all;
         }
    }

    location ~ \.php$ {
         include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
         fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
         include fastcgi_params;
    }
}

Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below and restart Nginx.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/ampache.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

Finally, open your browser and go to the URL.

http://example.com

You should see Ampache setup wizard. Choose the installation language and start the configuration.

Next, make sure that all PHP requirements are met and continue.

After type in the database name, database username and password. Then continue with the wizard.

Next, choose Subsonic backend for Ampache and continue.

After that create an initial admin account and continue.

That should complete the setup.

When the setup is done, login with the admin account you created above.

Login and begin setting up your environment.

That should do it!

Conclusion:

This post showed you how to install Ampache on Ubuntu with Nginx web server. If you find any error above, please use the comment form below to report.

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