This post shows students and new users steps to install VirtualBox Guest Additions software on Ubuntu Linux.
If you’re running VirtualBox virtualization software with Ubuntu as a guest machine, the first thing they’ll want to do after installing Ubuntu guest operating system (OS) is to install VirtualBox guest addition software.
VirtualBox Guest Addition Software enhances the virtual guest machine and improves the management of the machine. When you install a new operating system on a VirtualBox virtual machine, your first task should be to install the Guest Addition Software.
When operating the guest machine without the guest addition software, the guest machine will perform poorly and your experience with it will be limited.
The tool provides tight integration between the host and virtual machine operating systems, improvement to the VM graphics performance, shared folder between the host and guest machines, copying and pasting of text, images and files between the host and guest machine as well as mouse improvement.
When you’re ready to install VirtualBox guest addition, run the commands below to update Ubuntu.
sudo apt update && sudo apt dist-upgrade && sudo apt autoremove
When you’re done, run the commands below to install the latest kernel header and dkms package to support VirtualBox.
sudo apt install virtualbox-guest-dkms build-essential linux-headers-virtual
After installing the packages above, restart your machine and continue below.
To install VirtualBox Guest Additions software on Ubuntu virtual machine operating systems, select the Devices from VirtualBox host application menu and click Insert Guest Additions CD image.
This should mount a virtual CD/DVD drive inside the Ubuntu guest machine. When that happens, you should get a prompt to run the software. Click Run to begin the installation.
You will have to type your password to install the software. If your account is not an administrative account, the installation will fail.
The Guest Additions suite of utilities is the official tools for VirtualBox virtual guest machines.
Restart the guest machine and you’re set.
To enable copying and pasting between the guest machine and the host, go to the guest machines settings page (General –> Advanced) and enable it as shown below
This post showed you how to install VirtualBox Guest Additions software on Ubuntu guest machines. If you find any error above or have something to add, please use the comment form below.