This post shows students and new users steps to create their own websites on Google Cloud servers running on Ubuntu Linux. We have gone through series of posts starting with registering a domain name, setting up a Google Cloud server and installing software and packages to help us build a functional website online.
We’re now ready to install any popular content management system (CMS) to help us build our first dynamic, professional and a beautiful website to publish our wonderful content we’ve been dying to publish.
Content management systems are tools that help webmasters design and build great websites online. They’re mostly free, written in PHP and paired with a MySQL or MariaDB database. There are many CMS platforms one can use to create wonderful websites using free templates, plugins and support base to help them throughout the process.
This is the seventh post in this series which can be used as a beginner’s guide to learn how to create a website domain, set up a Google Cloud server with Ubuntu Linux and install software and packages to build and run a website online.
In this series:
- How to create a website domain
- How to set up a Google Cloud server with Ubuntu Linux
- How to install Apache on Google Cloud server (alternative to Nginx)
- How to install Nginx on Google Cloud server (alternative to Apache)
- How to install PHP on Google Cloud server
- How to install MySQL or MariaDB database server
Now that you’ve learned how to create a website domain, set up a Google Cloud server, installed Apache, Nginx, PHP and MySQL or MariaDB, you can continue below to tie all together with any of the popular CMS platforms online today.
When we started this series, we said a web server allows content to be published and served to web clients and audience browsing your website. A PHP or server-side scripting language allows for dynamic and more functional website. A database server allows you to store your website content efficiently.
Other software and packages may also be needed to enhance the functionality of a website. Below, we’ll show you how to install these tools to build your websites.
In our first post, we also said that after you create a domain name, it can’t be used until forwarded or pointed to a server. In the second post, we showed you how to point a domain to a server we created. Then we showed you how to install software and packages to help us run a website online.
How to connect to Google Cloud servers
Google Cloud server (Compute Engine) allows users to connect using SSH from the browser window to their virtual machine (VM) instance from within the Google Cloud Console.
SSH from the browser supports the following:
- Web browsers
- Latest version of Google Chrome
- Microsoft Edge
- Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 and later
- Safari 8 and later. Note that Safari in private browser mode is not supported.
- Virtual machine configurations
- All Linux VM images that are natively available in Google Cloud.
No additional software or browser extensions needed. Simply login to Google Cloud Console, and go to Menu ==> Compute Engine ==> VM instances.
In the list of virtual machine instances, click SSH in the row of the instance that you want to connect to.
Alternatively, you can open an SSH connection to an instance by clicking its name and clicking SSH from the instance details page.
A SSH terminal window will open with the Ubuntu Linux instance that was created in the second posts of the series.
You should now be able to run commands in Ubuntu Linux created on Google Cloud server.
How to create websites on Google Cloud Servers
Installing and managing a website on Ubuntu Linux is no different, whether on Google Cloud servers or on a local VM instance.
Once you installed all required packages, your website can be set up directly from your browser by browsing to the server hostname or IP address.
A detailed posts and help on how to create websites on Ubuntu Linux with Apache or Nginx are linked below. Click on any of them to learn more about installing and managing CMS on Ubuntu Linux.
Each link above will show you all the steps we performed in our previous posts to get here. You also will learn how to secure your website with free Let’s Encrypt SSL certificates.
That should do it!
This post is the final post in this series on create a website on Ubuntu Linux in Google Cloud. If you find any error above or have something to add, please use the comment form below.