When you want to install domain SSL/TLS certificates on your websites you need to get a certificate signing request file to the certificate authority…
Certificate signing request is the first step you take in acquiring trusted SSL/TLS certificates for your domain. Before you can generate SSL certificates, you must first generate or create a CSR file and provide that to the certificate authority. The authority will then use the request to generate a certificate for your server.
The CSR request contains information that will be used to create the certificate. These include, the organization name, common name (domain), locality, country and more.
It also contains the public key that is used to generate a certificate. A private key is also created during the time of the CSR creation.
This brief tutorial is going to show you how to easily generate a Certificate Signing Request for your Ubuntu 16.04 LTS servers
Step 1: Creating CSR on Ubuntu 16.04
When you’re ready to protect your website with SSL/TLS certificate, you must first generate a certificate signing request. This request contains information that is needed to generate a trusted certificate.
To generate a certificate for Apache2 webserver on Linux systems, logon to your computer as root and run the below command.
openssl req -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout example.com.key -out example.com.csr
When you press the Enter key, you’ll then be asked series of question related to the certificate you’re requesting. Find the highlighted field below to give you an idea.
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key ........+++ .....................+++ writing new private key to 'example.com.key' ----- You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated into your certificate request. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN. There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank For some fields there will be a default value, If you enter '.', the field will be left blank. ----- Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:New York Locality Name (eg, city) :Brooklyn Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:EXAMPLE.COM Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) :SSL Unit Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) :example.com Email Address :firstname.lastname@example.org Please enter the following 'extra' attributes to be sent with your certificate request A challenge password : An optional company name :
It important that you leave the password field blank above, or you’ll be prompted always when you restart the web server.
This command creates the CSR file as well as the server’s private key file. The private key must be protected and kept very safe. This is very important.
Step 2: Send the CSR content to your certificate Authority
After you creating the request above, look into the same directory you ran the command and you’ll find a file named after your domain, called example.com.csr.
Open the example.com.csr to view the content. Then copy and paste it to your certificate provider.
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE REQUEST----- MIIC3zCCAccCAQAwgZkxCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVTMRIwEAYDVQQIDAlNaW5uZXNvdGEx FDASBgNVBAcMC01pbm5lYXBvbGlzMRgwFgYDVQQKDA9NeSBCbG9nIENvbXBhbnkx DDAKBgNVBAsMA1NTTDEVMBMGA1UEAwwMbXlkb21haW4uY29tMSEwHwYJKoZIhvcN AQkBFhJhZG1pbkBteWRvbWFpbi5jb20wggEiMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4IBDwAw ggEKAoIBAQDbxsZzIAdeGuIN3m00F71WBHklL8f5I3j4UebS7ISqL1HWb7KVEj+r QKBQzmZ70Izq152+6BTF/AeMwzusUrcr3iOaOThFYqBAx2UYCHBmu3xcGviflwz/ 7GnvgUA2b0UL8pNiVCrxk7Dmu1tG0GCo5F5bE1k+60NnUJdtYTTjh1CXguFhKdnn nGPiAEq9drXnrOEUWjgV3Flkb0XEUXxKt20flPAmp2viobs46TtY3CMgZrl5DaOs bcCFzTNywCXyC5wj1baWAVxUIMETpAvXjFSINMhu/zN+qDVZe44c2SZEkbXchBvR xtmeLLO9Y8E9e0KRx373hdHdDKWjXNv7AgMBAAGgADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFAAOC AQEA047VTE5ayHQG5efbpE4jxGCUBHeAHTZw4sXy2s8q/beCXnEFdbbk2R7+B9rZ 1Q5FR5sZq9tiJ/7kcZEfE/C4ZRiQi1dSkhvZWPOvfVJn7ETdyFUp+e3Yh5dGQBRE qOGwI5vxfoWlKkgYmAKYKVd2W+QibofAiXNkRzsW3ecZUG9Dj7rD+Y+VeVKX0sCL doOCxZlEjRoKjJC/f+kcuGaHvJMNXGBApniGTKCsNnIypVdDUcKedvl7wF8mxdqo j70uQaeY7tqjaLIAeqdd9WHADCxwCmSJovPqWA9JQN+TbpLG4oqSu7n8EdFcgSVJ P8rSweAqn1RQb88NuLdQuxdzBQ== -----END CERTIFICATE REQUEST-----
Copy the entire content from the BEGIN to the END and send to the certificate authority.. The authority will use the file to create a certificate you purchased and send it back to you… You then install the cert on the domain you want to protect.
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