Bludit v3.1.0 “Malt” Released — Here’s How to Install / Upgrade with Apache2, PHP 7.2 on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 | 18.10

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Bludit, an open-source, flat-file content management system (CMS) with slick admin interface has recently been updated to version 3.1.0, codenamed “Malt” and this brief tutorial is going to show students and new users how to install or upgrade on Ubuntu 16.04 | 18.04 and 18.10….

Bludit offers some features that may not be available to other PHP based content management systems, like WordPress Joomla or Drupal…

For one, it doesn’t need a database server to function…  it’s a flat-file CMS… It also provides native mark down WYSIWYG support, SEO friendly, flexible CSS framework and easily installation and management…

When you’re looking for an alternative CMS to other popular platforms, Bludit might give you that.This release brings some changes including, new plugin search which helps user search in the plugin area, improved TinyMCE editor, bug fixes and others.

For more about this release, please visit its changelog page.

Step 1: Install Apache2 HTTP Server on Ubuntu

Apache2 HTTP Server is the most popular web server in use. so install it, since Bludit needs it.

To install Apache2 HTTP on Ubuntu server, run the commands below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2

After installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service
sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

To test Apache2 setup, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Apache2 default test page as shown below. When you see that, then Apache2 is working as expected.

apache2 ubuntu install

Step 2: Install PHP 7.2 and Related Modules

PHP 7.2 may not be available in Ubuntu default repositories for some systems. if you need it, you will have to get it from third-party repositories.

Run the commands below to add the below third-party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then update and upgrade to PHP 7.2

sudo apt update

Next, run the commands below to install PHP 7.2 and related modules.

sudo apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-soap php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-cli php7.2-curl php7.2-zip

After installing PHP 7.2, run the commands below to open PHP default config file for Apache2.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

Then make the changes on the following lines below in the file and save. The value below is great settings to apply in your environments.

file_uploads = On
allow_url_fopen = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
max_execution_time = 360
date.timezone = America/Chicago

After making the change above, save the file and close out.

Step 3: Restart Apache2

After installing PHP and related modules, all you have to do is restart Apache2 to reload PHP configurations.

To restart Apache2, run the commands below

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

To test PHP 7.2 settings with Apache2, create a phpinfo.php file in Apache2 root directory by running the commands below

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

Then type the content below and save the file.

<?php phpinfo( ); ?>

Save the file. then browse to your server hostname followed by /phpinfo.php


You should see PHP default test page.

PHP 7.2 ubuntu nginx

Step 4: Download Bludit Latest Release

Next, visit Bludit site and download the latest package. or run the commands below to download Bludit packages from github.

After downloading, run the commands below to extract the downloaded file and move it into a new Bludit root directory. After that, change into Bludit root directory to install PHP required packages.

cd /tmp
sudo mv bludit /var/www/html/bludit

Then run the commands below to set the correct permissions for Bludit to adjust the directory permissions.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/bludit/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/bludit/

Step 5: Configure Apache2 Bludit Site

Finally, configure Apache2 configuration file for Bludit. This file will control how users access Bludit content. Run the commands below to create a new configuration file called bludit.conf

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/bludit.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save it. Replace the highlighted line with your own domain name and directory root location.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/bludit/

     <Directory /var/www/html/bludit/>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
     <Directory /var/www/html/bludit/>
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteBase /
            RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
            RewriteRule ^(.*) index.php [PT,L]


Save the file and exit.

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below

Step 6: Enable the Bludit Site and Rewrite Module

After configuring the VirtualHost above, enable it by running the commands below, then restart Apache2 server.

sudo a2ensite bludit.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2enmod proxy proxy_fcgi rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Next, open your browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address and you should see Bludit page. enter your blog info and complete the setup.
Bludit ubuntu install

Create an admin account and complete the setup.

Bludit ubuntu setup


Bludit ubuntu setup

Upgrading Bludit

The next steps are valid for upgrade any version of Bludit. The major version is the first digit from the value, for example, Bludit v3.x.

First, stop the web server.

sudo systemctl stop apache2.service

Make a full backup, all files and directories.

sudo mv /var/www/html/bludit /var/www/html/bludit_bak

Remember which version of Bludit you are using for a possible roll-back.

Download the latest version from the official page, extract and move the newer content to the web server root directory.

cd /tmp
sudo mv bludit /var/www/html/bludit

Replace bl-content, bl-themes and bl-plugins with backup versions.

sudo cp -rf /var/www/html/bludit_bak/bl-content /var/www/html/bludit/
sudo cp -rf /var/www/html/bludit_bak/bl-themes /var/www/html/bludit/
sudo cp -rf /var/www/html/bludit_bak/bl-plugins /var/www/html/bludit/

Start the web server.

sudo systemctl start apache2.service

Log into the admin area and check your settings.
Bludit Installation on Ubuntu

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